OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2387–2393

Polarization analysis of surface-relief D-fiber Bragg gratings

Tyson L. Lowder, Brian R. Tebbs, Richard H. Selfridge, Stephen M. Schultz, Kevin H. Smith, and Thomas D. Monte  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 13, pp. 2387-2393 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (742 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Surface-relief fiber Bragg gratings exhibit substantially more polarization dependence than standard fiber Bragg gratings. Using D-fiber with different core orientations, surface-relief gratings are analyzed and fabricated to determine the polarization dependence. We show that the largest Bragg reflection occurs for the polarization state with a dominant TE field component parallel to the flat surface of the fiber. The polarization dependence is adjusted by changing the index of refraction of the surrounding media and by fabricating the surface relief grating using rotated core D-fiber.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: September 5, 2006
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 19, 2006
Published: April 9, 2007

Tyson L. Lowder, Brian R. Tebbs, Richard H. Selfridge, Stephen M. Schultz, Kevin H. Smith, and Thomas D. Monte, "Polarization analysis of surface-relief D-fiber Bragg gratings," Appl. Opt. 46, 2387-2393 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Udd, W. Schulz, J. Seim, E. Haugse, A. Trego, P. Johnson, T. E. Bennett, D. Nelson, and A. Makino, "Multidimensional strain field measurements using fiber optic grating sensors," Proc. SPIE 3986, 254-262 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. López-Higuera, ed., Handbook of Optical Fibre Sensing Technology (Wiley, 2002).
  3. T. L. Lowder, K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, "High-temperature sensing using surface relief fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1926-1928 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. K. H. Smith, B. L. Ipson, T. L. Lowder, A. R. Hawkins, R. H. Selfridge, and S. M. Schultz, "Surface-relief fiber Bragg gratings for sensing applications," Appl. Opt. 45, 1669-1675 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Othonos and K. Kalli, Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech House, 1999).
  6. R. B. Dyott, Elliptical Fiber Waveguides (Artech House, 1995).
  7. C. Tsao, Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis (Oxford U. Press, 1992).
  8. Y. Fujii and K. Sano, "Polarization transmission characteristics of optical fibers with elliptical cross section," Electron. Commun. Jpn. 63, 87-93 (1980). [CrossRef]
  9. N. J. Cronin, Microwave and Optical Waveguides (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1995).
  10. M. J. Li and S. I. Najafi, "Polarization dependence of grating-assisted waveguide Bragg reflectors," Appl. Opt. 32, 4517-4521 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. A. Weller-Brophy and D. G. Hall, "Local normal mode analysis of guided mode interactions with waveguide gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1069-1082 (1988). [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. Gruhlke and D. G. Hall, "Comparison of two approaches to the waveguide scattering problem: TM polarization," Appl. Opt. 23, 127-133 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. BeamPROP User's Guide, RSoft Inc., 200 Executive Blvd., Ossining, New York.
  14. S. H. Cho, J. Park, B. Kim, and M. H. Kang, "Fabrication and analysis of chirped fiber Bragg gratings by thermal diffusion," ETRI J. 26, 371-374 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. R. B. Dyott and P. F. Shrank, "Self-locating elliptically cored fibre with an accessible guiding region," Electron Lett. 18, 980-981 (1982). [CrossRef]
  16. D. J. Markos, B. L. Ipson, K. H. Smith, S. M. Schultz, R. H. Selfridge, T. D. Monte, R. B. Dyott, and G. Miller, "Controlled core removal from a D-shaped optical fiber," Appl. Opt. 42, 7121-7125 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. M. H. Cordaro, D. L. Rode, T. S. Barry, and R. R. Krchnavek, "Precision fabrication of D-shaped optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1524-1531 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited