OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2007
  • pp: 3007–3012

Range-resolved optical detection of honeybees by use of wing-beat modulation of scattered light for locating land mines

David S. Hoffman, Amin R. Nehrir, Kevin S. Repasky, Joseph A. Shaw, and John L. Carlsten  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 15, pp. 3007-3012 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.003007


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (975 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An imaging lidar instrument with the capability of measuring the frequency response of a backscattered return signal up to 3.6 kHz is demonstrated. The instrument uses a commercial microchip frequency-doubled pulsed Nd:YAG laser with a 7.2 kHz pulse repetition rate, a pulse duration of less than 1 ns, and a pulse energy of greater than 10 μ J . A 15.2 c m commercial telescope is used to collect the backscattered signal, and a photomultiplier tube is used to monitor the scattered light. This instrument is designed for range- and angle-resolved optical detection of honeybees for explosives and land-mine detection. The instrument is capable of distinguishing between the scattered light from honeybees and other sources through the frequency content of the return signal caused by the wing-beat modulation of the backscattered light. Detection of honeybees near a bee hive and spatial mapping of honeybee densities near feeders are demonstrated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing

History
Original Manuscript: November 20, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 9, 2007
Published: May 1, 2007

Citation
David S. Hoffman, Amin R. Nehrir, Kevin S. Repasky, Joseph A. Shaw, and John L. Carlsten, "Range-resolved optical detection of honeybees by use of wing-beat modulation of scattered light for locating land mines," Appl. Opt. 46, 3007-3012 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-15-3007


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood, J. McFee, T. Altshuler, T. Broach, L. Carin, R. Harmon, C. Rapaport, W. Scott, and R. Weaver, Alternatives for Landmine Detection (RAND Corp., 2003), available at www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1608/MR1608.appg.pdf.
  2. J. M. Phelan and J. L. Barnett, "Chemical sensing thresholds for mine detection dogs," in Proc. SPIE 4742, 532-543 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. G. C. Smith, J. J. Bromenshenck, D. C. Jones, and G. H. Alnasseer, "Volatile and semivolatile organic compounds in beehive atmospheres," in Honey Bees: Estimating the Environmental Impact of Chemicals, J. Devillars and M. -H. Pham-Delegue, eds. (Taylor and Francis, 2002), Chap. 2, pp. 12-41. [CrossRef]
  4. J. J. Bromenshenk, C. B. Hendersen, and G. C. Smith, Biological Systems: Alternatives for Landmine Detection, RAND Science and Technology Institute for Office of Sciences and Technology Policy Report, J. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood, J. McFee, T. Altshuler, T. Broach, L. Carin, C. Rappaport, W. R. Scott, and R. Weaver, eds. (RAND Corp., 2003), available at http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1608.
  5. J. J. Bromenshenk, C. B. Henderson, R. A. Seccomb, R. T. Etter, S. F. Bender, P. J. Rodacy, J. A. Shaw, N. L. Seldomridge, and L. H. Spangler, "Can honey bees assist in area reduction and landmine detection?" J. Mine Action 7.3, (2003), available at http://www.maic.jmu.edu/journal/7.3/focus/bromenshenk/bromenshenk.htm.
  6. J. J. Bromenshenk, C. B. Henderson, R. A. Succomb, L. H. Spangler, J. H. Shaw, K. S. Repasky, J. L. Carlesten, T. Balch, P. Rodacy, and S. Bender, Technical Report-Study/Services, CRDL DI-MISC-80598A, for U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff (U.S. Department of Defense, 2004).
  7. S. F. A. Bender, P. J. Rodacy, R. L. Smith, P. J. Hargis, Jr., M. S. Johnson, J. R. Klarkowsky, G. I. Magee, and G. L. Bender, Tracking Honey Bees Using LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) (Sandia National Laboratories Rep. SAND2003-0184, 2003). [CrossRef]
  8. J. A. Shaw, N. Seldomridge, D. L. Dunkle, P. W. Nugent, L. Spangler, J. J. Bromenshenk, C. B. Henderson, J. H. Churnside, and J. J. Wilson, "Polarization measurements of honeybees in flight for locating landmines," Opt. Express 13, 5853-5863 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. C. Reed, C. M. Williams, and L. E. Chadwick, "Frequency of wing-beat as a character for separating species races and geographic varieties of drosphila," Genetics 27, 349-361 (1942). [PubMed]
  10. D. M. Unwin and C. P. Ellington, "An optical tachometer for measurement of the wing-beat frequency of free-flying insects," J. Exp. Biol. 82, 377-378 (1979).
  11. A. Moore and R. H. Miller, "Automated identification of optically sensed aphid (homoptera: Aphidae) wing beat forms," Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 95, 1-8 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. K. S. Repasky, J. A. Shaw, R. Scheppele, C. Melton, J. L. Carlsten, and L. H. Spangler, "Optical detection of honeybees by use of wing-beat modulation of scattered laser light for locating explosives and land mines," Appl. Opt. 45, 1839-1843 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. V. Oppenheim, A. S. Willsky, and S. H. Nawab, Signals and Systems, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1997), pp. 514-581.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited