OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2007
  • pp: 3095–3101

High-resolution, flat-field, plane-grating, f ∕10 spectrograph with off-axis parabolic mirrors

Stephanie L. Schieffer, Nathan W. Rimington, Ved P. Nayyar, W. Andreas Schroeder, and James W. Longworth  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 16, pp. 3095-3101 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (795 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A high-resolution, flat-field, plane-grating, f / 10 spectrometer based on the novel design proposed by Gil and Simon [Appl. Opt. 22, 152 (1983)] is demonstrated. The spectrometer design employs off-axis parabolic collimation and camera mirrors in a configuration that eliminates spherical aberrations and minimizes astigmatism, coma, and field curvature in the image plane. In accordance with theoretical analysis, the performance of this spectrometer achieves a high spatial resolution over the large detection area, which is shown to be limited only by the quality of its optics and their proper alignment within the spatial resolution of a 13 μ m × 13 μ m pixelated CCD detector. With a 1500 lines / mm grating in first order, the measured spectral resolving power of λ / Δ λ = 2.5 ( ± 0.5 ) × 10 4 allows the clear resolution of the violet Ar ( I ) doublet at 419.07 and 419.10   nm .

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.2740) Geometric optics : Geometric optical design
(120.6200) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Spectrometers and spectroscopic instrumentation
(300.6190) Spectroscopy : Spectrometers

ToC Category:
Geometrical optics

Original Manuscript: October 30, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 26, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 28, 2007
Published: May 15, 2007

Stephanie L. Schieffer, Nathan W. Rimington, Ved P. Nayyar, W. Andreas Schroeder, and James W. Longworth, "High-resolution, flat-field, plane-grating, f/10 spectrograph with off-axis parabolic mirrors," Appl. Opt. 46, 3095-3101 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. F. Davidsen, G. Hartwig, and W. G. Fastie, "Ultraviolet spectrum of quasi-stellar object 3C273," Nature 26, 203-206 (1977). [CrossRef]
  2. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, "Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595-1608 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. Model 1 CX 406 AQ, 3.125 μm pixel size, 3.98 Mpixel (2312 × 1720) CCD from Sony, www.sony.net/Products/SC-HP/cx_news/vol16/pdf/icx238.pdf.
  4. 2.25 μm pixel pitch, 4 Mpixel CMOS CCD from Matsushita Electric Industrial Co, Ltd (Panasonic), http://neasia.nikkeibp.com/nea/200402/conele_288148.html.
  5. Q. R. Morrissey, N. R. Waltham, R. Turchetta, M. J. French, D. M. Bagnall, and B. M. Al-Hashimi, "Design of a 3 μm pixel linear CMOS sensor for earth observation," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 512, 350-357 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Czerny and A. F. Turner, "Über den Astigmatismus bei Spiegelspektrometem," Z. Phys. 61, 792-797 (1930). [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Gil, J. M. Simon, and A. N. Fantino, "Czerny-Turner spectrograph with a wide spectral range," Appl. Opt. 27, 4069-4072 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Ebert, "Zwei Formen von Spectrographen," Ann. Phys. 274, 489-493 (1889). [CrossRef]
  9. W. G. Fastie, "Small plane grating monochromator," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 641-647 (1952). [CrossRef]
  10. W. G. Fastie, "Image forming properties of the Ebert spectrometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 647-651 (1952). [CrossRef]
  11. W. G. Fastie, "Ebert spectrometer reflections," Phys. Today 44, 37-43 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. M. A. Gil and J. M. Simon, "Aberrations in plane grating spectrometers," Opt. Acta 30, 777-806 (1983). [CrossRef]
  13. J. M. Simon, M. A. Gil, and A. N. Fantino, "Use of plate diagram method in the evaluation of monochromators and spectrographs," Appl. Opt. 27, 4062-4068 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. A. Hill, "A new plane grating monochromator with off-axis paraboloids and curved slits," Appl. Opt. 8, 575-581 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. L. Chupp and P. C. Grantz, "Coma canceling monochromator with no slit mismatch," Appl. Opt. 8, 925-925 (1969). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Hecht, Optics (Addison Wesley, 2002).
  17. M. A. Gil and J. M. Simon, "New plane grating monochromator with off-axis parabolical mirrors," Appl. Opt. 22, 152-158 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. M. Simon and M. A. Gil, "Distortion and split-image curvature calculated by the plate diagram analysis in monochromators with off-axis mirrors," Opt. Acta 25, 381-394 (1978). [CrossRef]
  19. M. A. Gil and J. M. Simon, "Calculation of field curvature by the plate method for off-axis systems," Opt. Acta 30, 65-71 (1983). [CrossRef]
  20. M. A. Gil and J. M. Simon, "Aberrations in off-axis spectrometers," Opt. Acta 30, 1287-1301 (1983). [CrossRef]
  21. S. C. Barden, J. A. Arns, and W. S. Colburn, "Volume-phase holographic gratings and their potential for astronomical applications," in Optical Astronomical Instrumentation, S. D'Odorico, ed., Proc. SPIE 3355, 866-876 (1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited