OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2007
  • pp: 3928–3936

Simultaneous PIV∕OH-PLIF, Rayleigh thermometry∕OH-PLIF and stereo PIV measurements in a low-swirl flame

Per Petersson, Jimmy Olofsson, Christian Brackman, Hans Seyfried, Johan Zetterberg, Mattias Richter, Marcus Aldén, Mark A. Linne, Robert K. Cheng, Andreas Nauert, Dirk Geyer, and Andreas Dreizler  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 19, pp. 3928-3936 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.003928


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2385 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The diagnostic techniques for simultaneous velocity and relative OH distribution, simultaneous temperature and relative OH distribution, and three component velocity mapping are described. The data extracted from the measurements include statistical moments for inflow fluid dynamics, temperature, conditional velocities, and scalar flux. The work is a first step in the development of a detailed large eddy simulation (LES) validation database for a turbulent, premixed flame. The low-swirl burner used in this investigation has many of the necessary attributes for LES model validation, including a simplified interior geometry; it operates well into the thin reaction zone for turbulent premixed flames, and flame stabilization is based entirely on the flow field and not on hardware or pilot flames.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(280.1740) Remote sensing and sensors : Combustion diagnostics
(280.2470) Remote sensing and sensors : Flames
(280.2490) Remote sensing and sensors : Flow diagnostics

ToC Category:
Combustion

History
Original Manuscript: September 29, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 28, 2007
Published: June 12, 2007

Citation
Per Petersson, Jimmy Olofsson, Christian Brackman, Hans Seyfried, Johan Zetterberg, Mattias Richter, Marcus Aldén, Mark A. Linne, Robert K. Cheng, Andreas Nauert, Dirk Geyer, and Andreas Dreizler, "Simultaneous PIV/OH-PLIF, Rayleigh thermometry/OH-PLIF and stereo PIV measurements in a low-swirl flame," Appl. Opt. 46, 3928-3936 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-19-3928


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. J. Santoro, "Applications of laser-based diagnostics to high pressure rocket and gas turbine combustor studies," in Proceedings of the 20th AIAA Advanced Measurement and Ground Testing Technology Conference (AIAA, 1998), paper 98-2698.
  2. A. Dreizler and J. Janicka, "Diagnostic challenges for gas turbine combustor model validation," in Applied Combustion Diagnostics, K. Kohse-Höinghaus and J. Jeffries, eds. (Taylor & Francis, 2002), p. 561.
  3. H. Pitsch, "Large-Eddy simulation of turbulent combustion," Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 38, 453-482 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Janicka and A. Sadiki, "Large Eddy simulation of turbulent combustion systems," Proc. Combust. Inst. 30, 537-548 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Soika, F. Dinkelacker, and A. Leipertz, "Measurement of the resolved flame structure of turbulent premixed flames with constant Reynolds number and varied stoichiometry," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 785-792 (1998).
  6. Y.-C. Chen, N. Peters, G. A. Schneemann, N. Wruck, U. Renz, and M. S. Mansour, "The detailed structure of highly stretched turbulent premixed methane-air flames," Combust. Flame 107, 223-244 (1996). [CrossRef]
  7. E. J. Stevens, K. N. C. Bray, and B. Lecordier, "Velocity and scalar statistics for premixed turbulent stagnation flames using PIV," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 949-955 (1998).
  8. B. Bédat and R. K. Cheng, "Experimental study of premixed flames in intense isotropic turbulence," Combust. Flame 100, 485-494 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Barlow, International Workshop on Measurement and Computation of Turbulent Non-Premixed Flames, http://www.ca.sandia.gov/TNF/.
  10. C. K. Chan, K. S. Lau, W. K. Chin, and R. K. Cheng, "Freely propagating open premixed turbulent flames stabilized by swirl," Proc. Combust. Inst. 24, 511-518 (1992).
  11. R. K. Cheng, D. T. Yegian, M. M. Miyasato, G. S. Samuelsen, R. Pellizzari, P. Loftus, and C. Benson, "Scaling and development of low-swirl burners for low-emission furnaces and boilers" Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 1305-1313 (2000). [CrossRef]
  12. M. R. Johnson, D. Littlejohn, W. Nazeer, K. O. Smith, and R. K. Cheng, "A comparison of the flowfields and emissions of high-swirl injectors and low-swirl injectors for lean premixed gas turbines," Proc. Combust. Inst. 30, 2867-2874 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. R. K. Cheng, "Velocity and scalar characteristics of premixed turbulent flames stabilized by weak swirl," Combust. Flame 101, 1-14 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. R. K. Cheng, I. G. Shepherd, B. Bédat, and L. Talbot, "Premixed turbulent flame structures in moderate and intense isotropic turbulence," Combust. Sci. Technol. 174, 29-59 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Kortschik, T. Plessing, and N. Peters, "Laser optical investigation of turbulent transport of temperature ahead of the preheat zone in a premixed flame," Combust. Flame 136, 43-50 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Plessing, C. Kortschik, N. Peters, M. S. Mansour, and R. K. Cheng, "Measurements of the turbulent burning velocity and the structure of premixed flames on a low swirl burner," Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 359-366 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. R. K. Cheng, D. Littlejohn, W. Nazeer, and K. O. Smith, "Laboratory studies of the flow field characteristics of low-swirl injectors for adaptation to fuel-flexible turbines," ASME Turbo Expo GT2006-90878 (2006).
  18. D. Geyer, A. Kempf, A. Dreizler, and J. Janicka, "Scalar dissipation rates in isothermal and reactive turbulent opposed jets: 1D-Raman/Rayleigh experiments supported by LES," Proc. Combust. Inst. 30, 681-689 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. N. Peters, Turbulent Combustion (Cambridge U. Press, 2000), p. 78.
  20. P. Wang and X. S. Bai, "Large Eddy simulation of turbulent premixed flames using level-set G-equation," Proc. Combust. Inst. 30, 583-591 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. D. Littlejohn, A. J. Majeski, S. Tonse, C. Castaldini, and R. K. Cheng, "Laboratory investigation of an ultra-low NOx premixed combustion concept for industrial boilers," Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 1115-1121 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Wieneke, "Stereo-PIV using self-calibration on particle images," Exp. Fluids 39, 267-280 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. J. Hult, M. Richter, J. Nygren, M. Aldén, A. Hultqvist, M. Christensen, and B. Johansson, "Application of a high-repetition-rate laser diagnostic system for single-cycle-resolved imaging in internal combustion engines" Appl. Opt. 41, 5002-5014 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. LIFBASE: Database and spectral simulation, http://www:sri.com/psd/lifbase/.
  25. R. B. Miles, J. N. Forkey, and W. R. Lempert, "Filtered Rayleigh scattering measurements in supersonic/hypersonic facilities," AIAA paper 92-3894 (1992).
  26. J. Zetterberg, Z. S. Li, M. Afzelius, and M. Aldén, "Applications of a single-longitudinal-mode alexandrite laser for diagnostics of combustion interest," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3208-3215 (2004). [CrossRef]
  27. P. A. M. Kalt, J. H. Frank, and R. W. Bilger, "Laser imaging of conditional velocities in premixed propane/air flames by simultaneous OH PLIF and PIV," Proc. Combust. Inst. 27, 751-758 (1998).
  28. J. H. Frank, P. A. M. Kalt, and R. W. Bilger, "Measurement of conditional velocities in turbulent premixed flames by simultaneous OH PLIF and PIV," Combust. Flame 116, 220-232 (1999). [CrossRef]
  29. A. Nauert and A. Dreizler, "Conditional velocity measurements by simultaneously applied laser Doppler velocimetry and planar laser-induced fluorescence in a swirling natural gas/air flame," Z. Phys. Chem. 219, 635-648 (2005). [CrossRef]
  30. K.-J. Nogenmyr, P. Petersson, X. S. Bai, A. Nauert, J. Olofsson, C. Brackman, H. Seyfried, J. Zetterberg, Z. S. Li, M. Richter, A. Dreizler, M. Linne, and M. Aldén, "Large Eddy Simulation and experiments of stratified lean premixed methane/air turbulent flames," Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 1467-1475 (2007). [CrossRef]
  31. K. N. C. Bray, P. A. Libby, and J. B. Moss, "Flamelet crossing frequencies and mean reaction rates in premixed turbulent combustion," Combust. Sci. Technol. 41, 143-172 (1984). [CrossRef]
  32. P. A. M. Kalt, Y.-C. Chen, and R. W. Bilger, "Experimental investigation of turbulent scalar flux in premixed stagnation-plate flames," Combust. Flame 129, 401-415 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. D. Most, F. Dinkelacker, and A. Leipertz, "Direct determination of the turbulent flux by simultaneous application of filtered Rayleigh scattering thermometry and particle image velocimetry," Proc. Combust. Inst. 29, 2669-2677 (2002). [CrossRef]
  34. CHEM1D, "A one-dimensional laminar flame code," Eindhoven University of Technology, http://www.combustion.tue.nl/chem1d.
  35. M. D. Smooke and V. Giovangigli, Reduced Kinetic Mechanisms and Asymptotic Approximations for Methane-Air Flames, M. D. Smooke, ed. (Springer, 1991), p. 1R28. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited