OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2007
  • pp: 3937–3945

Multispecies in situ monitoring of a static internal combustion engine by near-infrared diode laser sensors

Yvan Gérard, Robert J. Holdsworth, and Philip A. Martin  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 19, pp. 3937-3945 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.003937


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1189 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A multispecies near-infrared diode laser spectrometer has been constructed for measurements of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and methane directly in the exhaust of a static internal combustion engine. A wavelength modulation-division multiplexing scheme was implemented for the two distributed feedback diode lasers. Gas concentration variations were observed for changes in operating conditions such as increasing and decreasing the throttle, adjusting the air–fuel ratio, and engine start-up.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.1740) Remote sensing and sensors : Combustion diagnostics
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

ToC Category:
Combustion

History
Original Manuscript: October 16, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 28, 2007
Published: June 12, 2007

Citation
Yvan Gérard, Robert J. Holdsworth, and Philip A. Martin, "Multispecies in situ monitoring of a static internal combustion engine by near-infrared diode laser sensors," Appl. Opt. 46, 3937-3945 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-19-3937


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. A. Bishop and D. H. Stedman, "Measuring the emissions of passing cars," Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 489-495 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Barrass, Y. Gerard, R. J. Holdsworth, and P. A. Martin, "Near-infrared tunable diode laser spectrometer for the remote sensing of vehicle emissions," Spectrochim. Acta Part A 60, 3353-3360 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. J. L. Jimenez, M. D. Koplow, D. D. Nelson, M. S. Zahniser, and S. E. Schmidt, "Characterisation of on-road vehicle NO emissions by a TILDAS remote sensor," J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 49, 463-470 (1999).
  4. P. A. Martin, "Near-Infrared diode laser spectroscopy in chemical process and environmental air pollution," Chem. Soc. Rev. 31, 201-210 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. G. Allen, "Diode laser absorption sensors for gas-dynamic and combustion flows," Meas. Sci. Technol. 9, 545-562 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. M. E. Webber, J. Wang, S. T. Sanders, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, "In situ combustion measurement of CO, CO2, H2O, and temperature using diode laser absorption spectroscopy," Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 407-413 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Teichert, T. Fernholz, and V. Ebert, "Simultaneous in situ measurement of CO, H2O, and gas temperatures in a full-sized coal-fired power plant by near-infrared diode lasers," Appl. Opt. 42, 2043-2051 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. A. Martin, R. J. Holdsworth, D. W. Sheel, M. Davis, and R. Schlatmann, "Simultaneous, multipoint detection of HF and HCl by diode laser spectroscopy in an atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition reactor for the analysis of tin oxide film growth," Surf. Coat. Technol. (to be published) .
  9. S. T. Sanders, J. A. Baldwin, T. P. Jenkins, D. S. Baer, and R. K. Hanson, "Diode-laser sensor for monitoring multiple combustion parameters in pulse detonation engines," Proc. Combust. Inst. 28, 587-594 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. D. B. Oh, M. E. Paige, and D. S. Bomse, "Frequency modulation multiplexing for simultaneous detection of multiple gases by use of wavelength modulation spectroscopy with diode lasers," Appl. Opt. 37, 2499-2501 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Gérard, "Development of a multispecies tunable diode laser spectrometer for the in situ and remote sensing of vehicle emissions," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Huddersfield, UK, 2005).
  12. Y. Gerard, R. J. Holdsworth, and P. A. Martin, "Multiple species tunable diode laser absorption: approaches and applications," presented at the Fourth International Conference on Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Zermatt, Switzerland, 14-18 July 2003, Paper A10.
  13. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaus, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Labberty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, "The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates through 2001," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82, 5-44 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Gerard, R. J. Holdsworth and P. A. Martin, "Near-infrared tunable diode laser spectrometer for the remote sensing of vehicle emissions," presented at the Fourth International Conference on Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy, Zermatt, Switzerland 14-18 July 2003.
  15. V. L. Kasyutsich, P. A. Martin, and R. J. Holdsworth, "Phase-shift cavity enhanced absorption detector of nitrogen dioxide," Meas. Sci. Tech. 17, 923-931 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Duxbury, N. Langford, M. T. McCulloch, and S. Wright, "Quantum cascade semiconductor infrared and far-infrared lasers: from trace gas sensing to non-linear optics," Chem. Soc. Rev. 34, 921-934 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited