OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2007
  • pp: 4786–4792

Study of solvent effect in laser emission from Coumarin 540 dye solution

Ritty J. Nedumpara, Thomas K. J., Jayasree V. K., C. P. Girijavallabhan, V. P. N. Nampoori, and P. Radhakrishnan  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 21, pp. 4786-4792 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1062 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The results of a brief investigation of the amplified spontaneous emission and lasing characteristics of Coumarin 540 dye in as many as ten different solvents are reported. It has been found that C 540 dye solutions contained within a rectangular quartz cuvette give laser emission with well resolved equally spaced modes when pumped with a 476 nm beam. The modes were found to originate from the subcavities formed by the plane-parallel walls of the cuvette containing the high-gain medium. While the quantum yield remains a decisive factor, a clear correlation between the total width of the emission spectra and the refractive indices of the solvents of the respective samples has been demonstrated. The well-resolved mode structure exhibited by the emission spectra gives clear evidence of the lasing action taking place in the gain medium, and the number of modes enables us to compare the gain of the media in different samples. A detailed discussion of the solvent effect in the lasing characteristics of C540 in different solutions is given.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2050) Lasers and laser optics : Dye lasers
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: November 27, 2006
Revised Manuscript: March 12, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: March 21, 2007
Published: July 6, 2007

Ritty J. Nedumpara, Thomas K. J., Jayasree V. K., C. P. Girijavallabhan, V. P. N. Nampoori, and P. Radhakrishnan, "Study of solvent effect in laser emission from Coumarin 540 dye solution," Appl. Opt. 46, 4786-4792 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, and R. Sastre, "Polymeric solid-state dye lasers: recent developments," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5, 4745-4763 (2003). [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Diaz-Garcia, S. F. De Avila, and M. G. Kuzyk, "Dye doped polymers for blue organic dyes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 4486-4488 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. B. F. Howell and M. G. Kuzk, "Lasing action and photodegradation of Disperse Orange 11 dye in liquid solution," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1901-1903 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Otomo, S. Yokoyama, T. Nakahama, and S. Mashiko, "Supernarrowing mirrorless laser emission in dendrimer-doped polymer waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3881-3883 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Lu, B. Zhong, and D. Ma, "Amplified spontaneous emission and gain from optically pumped films of dye doped polymers," Appl. Opt. 43, 5074-5078 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, and K. M. Vaeth, "Coherence characteristics of electrically excited tandem organic light-emitting diodes," Opt. Lett. 30, 3072-3074 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. S. Yap, W. O. Siew, T. Y. Tou, and S. W. Ng, "Red-green-blue laser emissions from dye-doped poly(vinyl alcohol) films," Appl. Opt. 41, 1725-1728 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, "Photoluminescence of Coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica," J. Phys. D 32, 2287-2289 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. F. J. Duarte, L. S. Liao, K. M. Vaeth, and A. M. Miller, "Widely tunable green laser emission using Coumarin 545 tetramethyl dye as the gain medium," J. Optics A 8, 172-174 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. G. Jones II, W. R. Jackson, and C. Choi, "Solvent effects on emission yield and lifetime for coumarin laser dyes," J. Phys. Chem. 89, 294-300 (1985). [CrossRef]
  11. A. K. Satpati, M. Kumbhakar, D. K. Maity, and H. Pal, "Photophysical investigations of the solvent polarity effect on the properties of Coumarin-6 dye," Chem. Phys. Lett. 407, 114-118 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Barik, S. Nath, and H. Pal, "Effect of solvent polarity on the photophysical properties of Coumarin-1 dye," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 10202-10208 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. U. S. Raikar, C. G. Renuka, F. Nadaf, and B. G. Mulimani, "Solvent effects on the absorption and fluorescence spectra of Coumarin 6 and 7 molecules," Spectrochim. Acta Part A 65, 673-677 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Pal, S. Nad, and M. Kumbhakar, "Photophysical properties of Coumarin-120, unusual behavior in nonpolar solvents," J. Chem. Phys. 119, 443-452 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. M. A. Haidekker, T. P. Brady, D. Lichlyter, and E. A. Theodorakis, "Effects of solvent polarity and solvent viscosity on the fluorescent properties of molecular rotors and related probes," Bioorg. Chem. 33, 415-425 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Nad and H. Pal, "Unusual photophysical properties of Coumarin-151," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 1097-1106 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Laser emission from high-gain media of dye doped dendrimers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 7-9 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Gaung He, R. Signorini, and P. N. Prasad, "Two-photon pumped frequency-upconverted blue lasing in coumarin dye solution," Appl. Opt. 37, 5720-5725 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. A. T. R. Williams, S. A. Winfield, and J. N. Miller, "Relative fluorescence quantum yields using a computer-controlled luminescence spectrometer," Analyst (London) 108, 1067-1072 (1983). [CrossRef]
  20. D. Madgde, R. Wong, and P. G. Seybold, "Fluorescence quantum yields and their relation to lifetimes of Rhodamine 6G and Fluorescein in nine solvents," Photochem. Photobiol. 75, 327-334 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, Vol. 1 (Springer-Verlag, 1992).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited