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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2007
  • pp: 5784–5791

1.54-μm TM-mode waveguide optical isolator based on the nonreciprocal-loss phenomenon: device design to reduce insertion loss

T. Amemiya, H. Shimizu, M. Yokoyama, P. N. Hai, M. Tanaka, and Y. Nakano  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 23, pp. 5784-5791 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.005784


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Abstract

We developed a 1.5-μm band TM-mode waveguide optical isolator that makes use of the nonreciprocal-loss phenomenon. The device was designed to operate in a single mode and consists of an InGaAlAs∕InP ridge-waveguide optical amplifier covered with a ferromagnetic MnAs layer. The combination of the optical waveguide and the magnetized ferromagnetic metal layer produces a magneto-optic effect called the nonreciprocal-loss phenomenon—a phenomenon in which the propagation loss of light is larger in backward propagation than it is in forward propagation. We propose the guiding design principle for the structure of the device and determine the optimized structure with the aid of electromagnetic simulation using the finite-difference method. On the basis of the results, we fabricated a prototype device and evaluated its operation. The device showed an isolation ratio of 7.2 dB / mm at a wavelength from 1.53 to 1.55 μ m . Our waveguide isolator can be monolithically integrated with other waveguide-based optical devices on an InP substrate.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3240) Optical devices : Isolators
(230.3810) Optical devices : Magneto-optic systems
(250.5980) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor optical amplifiers

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: January 22, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 25, 2007
Published: August 8, 2007

Citation
T. Amemiya, H. Shimizu, M. Yokoyama, P. N. Hai, M. Tanaka, and Y. Nakano, "1.54-μm TM-mode waveguide optical isolator based on the nonreciprocal-loss phenomenon: device design to reduce insertion loss," Appl. Opt. 46, 5784-5791 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-23-5784

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