OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2007
  • pp: 6166–6175

Atmospheric electromagnetic pulse propagation effects from thick targets in a terawatt laser target chamber

John L. Remo, Richard G. Adams, and Michael C. Jones  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 24, pp. 6166-6175 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.006166


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2137 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Generation and effects of atmospherically propagated electromagnetic pulses (EMPs) initiated by photoelectrons ejected by the high density and temperature target surface plasmas from multiterawatt laser pulses are analyzed. These laser radiation pulse interactions can significantly increase noise levels, thereby obscuring data (sometimes totally) and may even damage sensitive probe and detection instrumentation. Noise effects from high energy density (approximately multiterawatt) laser pulses ( 300 400   ps pulse widths) interacting with thick ( 1   mm ) metallic and dielectric solid targets and dielectric–metallic powder mixtures are interpreted as transient resonance radiation associated with surface charge fluctuations on the target chamber that functions as a radiating antenna. Effective solutions that minimize atmospheric EMP effects on internal and proximate electronic and electro-optical equipment external to the system based on systematic measurements using Moebius loop antennas, interpretations of signal periodicities, and dissipation indicators determining transient noise origin characteristics from target emissions are described. Analytic models for the effect of target chamber resonances and associated noise current and temperature in a probe diode laser are described.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(270.6620) Quantum optics : Strong-field processes
(320.4240) Ultrafast optics : Nanosecond phenomena
(240.6648) Optics at surfaces : Surface dynamics

ToC Category:
General

History
Original Manuscript: February 20, 2007
Revised Manuscript: June 15, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: June 17, 2007
Published: August 16, 2007

Citation
John L. Remo, Richard G. Adams, and Michael C. Jones, "Atmospheric electromagnetic pulse propagation effects from thick targets in a terawatt laser target chamber," Appl. Opt. 46, 6166-6175 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-24-6166


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. J. Mead, D. Neely, J. Gauoin, R. Heathcote, and P. Patel, "Electromagnetic pulse generation within a petawatt laser target chamber," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4225-4227 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. W. J. Mooney, Optoelectronic Devices and Principles (Prentice-Hall, 1991).
  3. R. H. Kingston, Optical Sources, Detectors, and Systems (Academic, 1995).
  4. J. L. Remo and R. G. Adams are preparing a manuscript to be called, "High energy density laser beam interactions simulating astrophysical and planetary processes: methodology, dielectrics, and powders."
  5. E. R. Davies, Electronic Noise and Signal Review (Academic, 1993).
  6. P. H. Duncan, "Analysis of the Moebius loop magnetic field sensor," IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat. EMC-16, 83-89 (1974). [CrossRef]
  7. P. M. Celliers, D. K. Bradley, G. W. Collins, D. G. Hicks, T. R. Boehly, and W. J. Armstrong, "Line-imaging velocimeter for shock diagnostics at the OMEGA laser facility," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4916-4929 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. A. E. Siegman, An Introduction to Lasers and Masers (McGraw-Hill, 1971).
  9. W. C. Elmore and M. A. Heald, Physics of Waves (McGraw-Hill, 1969).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited