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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 26 — Sep. 10, 2007
  • pp: 6504–6512

Atmospheric correction for NO2 absorption in retrieving water-leaving reflectances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS measurements

Ziauddin Ahmad, Charles R. McClain, Jay R. Herman, Bryan A. Franz, Ewa J. Kwiatkowska, Wayne D. Robinson, Eric J. Bucsela, and Maria Tzortziou  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 26, pp. 6504-6512 (2007)

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The absorption by atmospheric nitrogen dioxide ( NO 2 ) gas in the visible has been traditionally neglected in the retrieval of oceanic parameters from satellite measurements. Recent measurements of NO 2 from spaceborne sensors show that over the Eastern United States the NO 2 column amount often exceeds 1 Dobson Unit ( 2.69 × 10 16 molecules / cm 2 ) . Our radiative transfer sensitivity calculations show that under high NO 2 conditions ( 1 × 10 16 molecules / cm 2 ) the error in top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectance in the blue channels of the sea-viewing wide field-of-view sensor (SeaWiFS) and moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensors is approximately 1%. This translates into approximately 10% error in water-leaving radiance for clear waters and to higher values ( > 20 % ) in the coastal areas. We have developed an atmospheric-correction algorithm that allows an accurate retrieval of normalized water-leaving radiances (nLws) in the presence of NO 2 in the atmosphere. The application of the algorithm to 52 MODIS scenes over the Chesapeake Bay area show a decrease in the frequency of negative nLw estimates in the 412   nm band and an increase in the value of nLws in the same band. For the particular scene reported in this paper, the mean value of nLws in the 412   nm band increased by 17%, which is significant, because for the MODIS sensor the error in nLws attributable to the digitization error in the observed TOA reflectance over case 2 waters is 2 .5% .

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1310) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric scattering
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(290.1310) Scattering : Atmospheric scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.5890) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: January 19, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 26, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: April 3, 2007
Published: September 5, 2007

Virtual Issues
Vol. 2, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Ziauddin Ahmad, Charles R. McClain, Jay R. Herman, Bryan A. Franz, Ewa J. Kwiatkowska, Wayne D. Robinson, Eric J. Bucsela, and Maria Tzortziou, "Atmospheric correction for NO2 absorption in retrieving water-leaving reflectances from the SeaWiFS and MODIS measurements," Appl. Opt. 46, 6504-6512 (2007)

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