OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 2007
  • pp: 7805–7810

Optical D-fiber-based volatile organic compound sensor

John D. Gordon, Tyson L. Lowder, Richard H. Selfridge, and Stephen M. Schultz  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 32, pp. 7805-7810 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.007805


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1149 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A fiber-optic sensor used to detect volatile organic compounds is described. The sensor consists of a single-mode D-fiber with a 2.5   μm polydimethylsiloxane layer. The layer is applied to the fiber flat after removal of a section of the fiber's cladding to increase evanescent interaction of the light with the layer. Absorption of volatile organic compounds into the polymer alters the refractive index of the layer, resulting in a birefringent change of the fiber. This change is observed as a shift in polarization of the light carried by the fiber. The sensor has a short length of 3 cm and a response time of around 1 s. The sensor is naturally reversible and gives an exponential response for gas and liquid concentrations of dichloromethane and acetone, respectively.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 27, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 31, 2007
Published: November 1, 2007

Citation
John D. Gordon, Tyson L. Lowder, Richard H. Selfridge, and Stephen M. Schultz, "Optical D-fiber-based volatile organic compound sensor," Appl. Opt. 46, 7805-7810 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-32-7805


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. C. Frye and S. J. Martin, "On-line monitoring of volatile organic species," Pollution Tech. Rev. 212, 215-224 (1993).
  2. D. P. Campbell, J. L. Moore, J. M. Cobb, N. F. Hartman, B. H. Schneider, and M. G. Venugopal, "Optical system-on-a-chip for chemical and biochemical sensing: the chemistry," Proc. SPIE 3540, 153-161 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Conzen, J. Bürk, and H. J. Ache, "Characterization of a fiber-optic evanescent wave absorbance sensor for nonpolar organic compounds," Appl. Spectrosc. 47, 753-763 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. M. V. Chandak, Y. S. Lin, W. Ji, and R. J. Higgins, "Sorption and diffusion of volatile organic compounds in polydimethylsiloxane membranes," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 67, 165-175 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. S. V. Dixon-Garrett, K. Nagai, and B. D. Freeman, "Ethylbenzene solubility, diffusivity, and permeability in poly(dimethylsiloxane)," J. Polym. Sci. 39, 1461-1472 (2000).
  6. K. Spaeth, G. Kraus, and G. Gauglitz, "In situ characterization of thin polymer films for applications in chemical sensing of volatile organic compounds by spectroscopic ellipsometry," Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 357, 292-296 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Potyrailo and G. M. Hieftje, "Use of the original silicone cladding of an optical fiber as a reagent-immobilization medium for intrinsic chemical sensors," Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. 364, 32-40 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. G. L. Klunder, J. Bürk, H. J. Ache, R. J. Silva, and R. E. Russo, "Temperature effects on a fiber-optic evanescent wave absorption sensor," Appl. Spectrosc. 48, 387-393 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. G. L. Klunder and R. E. Russo, "Core-based intrinsic fiber-optic absorption sensor for the detection of volatile organic compounds," Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 379-385 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. M. D. Degrandpre and L. W. Burgess, "A fiber-optic FT-NIR evanescent field absorbance sensor," Appl. Spectrosc. 44, 273-279 (1990). [CrossRef]
  11. D. J. Markos, B. L. Ipson, K. H. Smith, S. M. Schultz, R. H. Selfridge, T. D. Monte, R. B. Dyott, and G. Miller, "Controlled core removal from a D-shaped optical fiber," Appl. Opt. 42, 7121-7125 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. J. N. Lee, C. Park, and G. M. Whitesides, "Solvent compatibility of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based microfluidic devices," Anal. Chem. 75, 6544-6554 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. S. Venables and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, "Spectroscopy and dynamics of mixtures of water with acetone, acetonitrile, and methanol," J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11222-11236 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited