OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2007
  • pp: 7997–8001

Extended-cavity diode lasers with tracked resonances

Sheng-wey Chiow, Quan Long, Christoph Vo, Holger Müller, and Steven Chu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 33, pp. 7997-8001 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (927 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a painless, almost-free upgrade to present extended-cavity diode lasers (ECDLs) that improves the long-term mode-hop-free performance by stabilizing the resonance of the internal cavity to the external cavity. This stabilization is based on the observation that the frequency or amplitude noise of the ECDL is lowest at the optimum laser diode temperature or injection current. Thus, keeping the diode current at the level where the noise is lowest ensures mode-hop-free operation within one of the stable regions of the mode chart, even if these should drift due to external influences. This method can be applied directly to existing laser systems without modifying the optical setup. We demonstrate the method in two ECDLs stabilized to vapor cells at 852 and 895 nm wavelengths. We achieve long-term mode-hop-free operation and low noise at low power consumption, even with an inexpensive non-antireflection-coated diode.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: May 7, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 1, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 2, 2007
Published: November 13, 2007

Sheng-wey Chiow, Quan Long, Christoph Vo, Holger Müller, and Steven Chu, "Extended-cavity diode lasers with tracked resonances," Appl. Opt. 46, 7997-8001 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, "Using diode lasers for atomic physics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1-20 (1991). [CrossRef]
  2. K. R. Preston, K. C. Woollard, and K. H. Cameron, "External cavity controlled single longitudinal mode laser transmitter module," Electron. Lett. 17, 931-933 (1981). [CrossRef]
  3. M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, "The frequency control of laser diodes," J. Phys. III 2, 1557-1589 (1992).
  4. A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, "Simple extended-cavity diode laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1236-1239 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "Compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. W. R. Trutna and P. Zorabedian, "Research on external-cavity lasers," Hewlett-Packard J. 44, 35-38 (1993).
  7. Technical Note No. 4. "Classification of antireflection coatings for diode lasers," (Sacher Lasertechnik, Marburg, Germany), http://data.sacher-laser.com/techdocs/classes.pdf.
  8. F. Allard, I. Maksimovic, M. Abgrall, and P. Laurent, "Automatic system to control the operation of an extended cavity diode laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 54-58 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Favre, D. Le Guen, J. C. Simon, and B. Landousies, "External-cavity semiconductor laser with 15 nm continuous tuning range," Electron . Lett. 21, 795-796 (1986).
  10. M. de Labachelerie and G. Passedat, "Mode-hop suppression of Littrow grating-tuned lasers," Appl. Opt. 32, 269-274 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. J. Lonsdale, D. A. Andrews, and T. A. King, "Single mode operation and extended scanning of anti-reflection coated visible laser diodes in a Littrow cavity," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 933-938 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Petridis, I. D. Lindsay, D. J. M. Stothard, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, "Mode-hop-free tuning over 80 GHz of an extended cavity diode laser without antireflection coating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3811-3815 (2001). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Hult, I. S. Burns, and C. F. Kaminski, "Wide-bandwidth mode-hop-free tuning of extended-cavity GaN diode lasers," Appl. Opt. 44, 3675-3685 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. Menager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgere, and J. L. Le Gouet, "Diode laser extended cavity for broad-range fast ramping," Opt. Lett. 25, 1246-1248 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Y. Liou, C. A. Burrus, and F. Bosch, "Graded-index-rod external coupled-cavity laser with backface output-monitor-stabilized single-frequency operation," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-3, 985-987 (1985). [CrossRef]
  16. D. T. Cassidy and L. J. Bonnell, "Trace gas detection with short-external-cavity InGaAsP diode laser transmitter modules operating at 1.58 μm," Appl. Opt. 27, 2688-2693 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. F. Ventrudo and D. T. Cassidy, "Interference fringes in the far field of short-external-cavity InGaAsP diode lasers: a method for longitudinal mode control," Appl. Opt. 32, 6620-6627 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. Müller, S. Herrmann, T. Schuldt, M. Scholz, E. Kovalchuk, and A. Peters, "Offset compensation by use of amplitude-modulated sidebands in optical frequency standards," Opt. Lett. 21, 2186-2188 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Müller, S. Herrmann, C. Braxmaier, S. Schiller, and A. Peters, "Precision test of the isotropy of light propagation," Appl. Phys. B 77, 719-731 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Burkart, "Optische Sender: Grundlagen," in Optische Kommunikationstechnik, E. Voges and K. Petermann, eds. (Springer, 2002).
  21. S. Hansmann, "Laser dioden," in Optische Kommunikations-technik, E. Voges and K. Petermann, eds. (Springer, 2002).
  22. J. H. Shirley, "Modulation transfer processes in optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 7, 537-539 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. K. G. Libbrecht and J. L. Hall, "Low-noise high-speed diode laser current controller," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 2133-2135 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited