OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 2007
  • pp: 8159–8169

Design of aperiodic multilayer structures for attosecond pulses in the extreme ultraviolet

Michele Suman, Fabio Frassetto, Piergiorgio Nicolosi, and Maria-Guglielmina Pelizzo  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 33, pp. 8159-8169 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1495 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The design of aperiodic reflecting multilayer (ML) structures for attosecond physics in the extreme ultraviolet spectral region is presented. An optimization procedure based on “evolutive strategy” has been developed in order to get coating structures reflecting high photon fluxes in ultrashort duration pulses. The MLs are designed for a specific ( 75 105   eV ) spectral interval with suitable reflectance and phase characteristics, in particular high total spectral reflectivity coupled with very wide bandwidth, spectral phase compensation, and amplitude reshaping. Furthermore, to take into account manufacturing tolerances, solutions stable with respect to random layer thickness variations are selected. To test the reliability of the proposed design procedure, examples of Mo∕Si ML structures designed to reflect ultrashort pulses with different amplitude profiles and phase behavior are considered. The performances of the various structures are analyzed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(310.1620) Thin films : Interference coatings
(320.1590) Ultrafast optics : Chirping
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: January 2, 2007
Revised Manuscript: August 27, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: August 29, 2007
Published: November 19, 2007

Michele Suman, Fabio Frassetto, Piergiorgio Nicolosi, and Maria-Guglielmina Pelizzo, "Design of aperiodic multilayer structures for attosecond pulses in the extreme ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 46, 8159-8169 (2007)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994-1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117-2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. A. Papadogiannis, B. Witzel, C. Kalpouzos, and D. Charalambidis, "Observation of attosecond light localization in higher order harmonic generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4289-4292 (1999). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Antoine, A. L'Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using High-Order Harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1234-1237 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, "X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier," Science 291, 1923-1927 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, P. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, "Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from High Harmonic Generation," Science 292, 1689-1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L'Huillier, "Amplitude and phase control of attosecond light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, and F. Krausz, "Time-resolved atomic inner-shell spectroscopy," Nature 419, 803-807 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Kienberger, M. Hentschel, M. Uiberacker, C. Spielmann, M. Kitzler, A. Scrinzi, M. Wieland, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Steering attosecond electron wave packets with light," Science 297, 1144-1148 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature 414, 509-513 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Lambert, B. Carré, M.-E. Couprie, A. Doria, D. Garzella, L. Giannessi, H. Hara, H. Kitamura, Y. Mairesse, P. Salières, and T. Shintake, "Seeding high gain harmonic generation with laser harmonics produced in gases," in Proceedings of the 26th International Free Electron Laser Conference and 11th FEL Users Workshop (Comitato Conference Elettra, 2004), pp. 155-158. [PubMed]
  12. I. L. Beigman, A. S. Pirozhkov, and E. N. Ragozin, "Reflection of few-cycle x-ray pulses by aperiodic multilayer structures," J. Opt. A 4, 433-439 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. A.-S. Morlens, P. Balcou, P. Zeitoun, C. Valentin, V. Laude, and S. Kazamias, "Compression of attosecond harmonic pulses by extreme-ultraviolet chirped mirrors," Opt. Lett. 30, 1554-1556 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A.-S. Morlens, R. López-Martens, O. Boyko, P. Zeitoun, P. Balcou, K. Varjú, E. Gustafsson, T. Remetter, A. L'Huillier, S. Kazamias, J. Gautier, F. Delmotte, and M.-F. Ravet, "Design and characterization of extreme-ultraviolet broadband mirrors for attosecond science," Opt. Lett. 31, 1558-1560 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Wonisch, U. Neuhusler, N. M. Kabachnik, T. Uphues, M. Uiberacker, V. Yakovlev, F. Krausz, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, and U. Heinzmann, "Design, fabrication, and analysis of chirped multilayer mirrors for reflection of extreme-ultraviolet attosecond pulses," Appl. Opt. 45, 4147-4156 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Wonisch, Th. Westerwalbesloh, W. Hachmann, and N. Kabachnik, "Aperiodic nanometer multilayer systems as optical key components for attosecond electron spectroscopy," Thin Solid Films 464-465, 473-477 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. Z. S. Wang, H. C. Wang, J. T. Zhu, F. L. Wang, Z. X. Gu, L. Y. Chen, A. G. Michette, A. K. Powell, S. J. Pfauntsch, and F. Schäfers, "Broad angular multilayer analyzer for soft X-rays," Opt. Express 14, 2533-2538 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. A. Spiller, Soft X-Ray Optics (SPIE, 1994). [CrossRef]
  19. "Center for X-ray Optics,"http://www.cxro.lbl.gov/.
  20. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, T. Auguste, B. Carré, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salières, "Optimization of attosecond pulse generation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163901 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited