OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 46, Iss. 35 — Dec. 10, 2007
  • pp: 8488–8492

Efficient temporal shaping of ultrashort pulses with birefringent crystals

Shian Zhou, Dimitre Ouzounov, Heng Li, Ivan Bazarov, Bruce Dunham, Charles Sinclair, and Frank W. Wise  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 35, pp. 8488-8492 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (826 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on a simple and robust technique to temporally shape ultrashort pulses. A number of birefringent crystals with appropriate crystal length and orientation form a crystal set. When a short pulse propagates through the crystal set, the pulse is divided into numerous pulses, producing a desired temporal shape. Flexibility in the final pulse shape is achieved through varying initial pulse duration, divided-pulse number, the polarization-mode delay, and energy distribution of the divided pulses. The energy efficiency of the technique is near 100% for a pulse train of alternating polarizations, and 50% for a linearly polarized pulse train.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping
(320.7080) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast devices

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: May 18, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 3, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: October 12, 2007
Published: December 7, 2007

Shian Zhou, Dimitre Ouzounov, Heng Li, Ivan Bazarov, Bruce Dunham, Charles Sinclair, and Frank W. Wise, "Efficient temporal shaping of ultrashort pulses with birefringent crystals," Appl. Opt. 46, 8488-8492 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.
  3. I. V. Bazarov and C. K. Sinclair, "Multivariate optimization of a high brightness dc gun photoinjector," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 034202 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. R. J. Temkin, "Excitation of an atom by a train of short pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 830-839 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Ahn, A. Efimov, R. Averitt, and A. Taylor, "Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses," Opt. Express 11, 2486-2496 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Dugan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, "High-resolution acousto-optic shaping of unamplified and amplified femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2348-2358 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. E. Zeek, K. Maginnis, S. Backus, U. Russek, M. Murnane, G. Mourou, and H. Kapteyn, "Pulse compression by use of deformable mirrors," Opt. Lett. 24, 493-495 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, C. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, "Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping," Opt. Lett. 25, 575-577 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. H. E. Bates, R. R. Alfano, and N. Schiller, "Picosecond pulse stacking in calcite," Appl. Opt. 18, 947-949 (1979). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, A. J. Taylor, S. Park, and A. M. Weiner, "Efficient high-energy pulse-train generation using a 2n-pulse Michelson interferometer," Appl. Opt. 37, 5302-5305 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.
  14. B. Dromey, M. Zepf, M. Landreman, K. O'Keeffe, T. Robinson, and S. M. Hooker, "Generation of a train of ultrashort pulses from a compact birefringent crystal array," Appl. Opt. 46, 5142-5146 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited