## Theoretical wave structure function when the effect of the outer scale is significant

Applied Optics, Vol. 46, Issue 4, pp. 559-569 (2007)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.46.000559

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### Abstract

The wave structure function (WSF) for a plane wave, calculated from the basic Rytov
theory, is usually expressed as *r*
is only 5% of the outer scale, this expression overpredicts the WSF by a factor of
approximately 2. Accurate evaluations of the Rytov formulas are given for the WSFs of
plane and spherical waves in Kolmogorov and von Karman turbulence and for the
structure function of the atmosphere's index of refraction. Simple formulas make the
results easy to use.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

**OCIS Codes**

(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence

(110.3000) Imaging systems : Image quality assessment

**ToC Category:**

Atmospheric and ocean optics

**History**

Original Manuscript: May 2, 2006

Manuscript Accepted: September 6, 2006

**Citation**

Robert L. Lucke and Cynthia Y. Young, "Theoretical wave structure function when the effect of the outer scale is significant," Appl. Opt. **46**, 559-569 (2007)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-46-4-559

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