OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2008
  • pp: 2053–2060

Multiple-wavelength digital holographic interferometry using tunable laser diodes

Atsushi Wada, Makoto Kato, and Yukihiro Ishii  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 12, pp. 2053-2060 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (5748 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Here we present multiple-wavelength digital holographic interferometry with a wide measurement range using laser diodes. Small wavelength differences can be easily realized by the wavelength tuning of laser diodes with injection current controls. A contour map of an object with a wide measurement range and a high sensitivity is demonstrated by combining a few contour maps with several measurement sensitivities. Synthetic wavelengths are calibrated using a known height difference. This alleviates the need to have high precise knowledge of the recording wavelengths. The synthetic wavelengths ranged from 3 mm for high measurement sensitivity to 4 cm for wide measurement range. An rms error of 35 μm for a 1 cm height measurement is shown. The measured profile of holographic interferometry agrees with a standard stylus instrument.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(120.2830) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Height measurements
(120.2880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Holographic interferometry
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(090.1995) Holography : Digital holography

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 9, 2007
Revised Manuscript: March 17, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 18, 2008
Published: April 15, 2008

Atsushi Wada, Makoto Kato, and Yukihiro Ishii, "Multiple-wavelength digital holographic interferometry using tunable laser diodes," Appl. Opt. 47, 2053-2060 (2008)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Hildebrand and K. Haines, “Multiple-wavelength and multiple-source holography applied to contour generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 155-162 (1967).
  2. L. O. Heflinger and R. F. Wuerker, “Holographic contouring via multifrequency lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 28 (1969). [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Friesem and U. Levy, “Fringe formation in two-wavelength contour holography,” Appl. Opt. 15, 3009-3020(1976).
  4. M. Yonemura, “Wavelength-change characteristics of semiconductor lasers and their application to holographic contouring,” Opt. Lett. 10, 1-3 (1985).
  5. F. Zhang, I. Yamaguchi, and L. P. Yaroslavsky, “Algorithm for reconstruction of digital holograms with adjustable magnification,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1668-1670 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Yu and M. K. Kim, “Pixel resolution control in numerical reconstruction of digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 31, 897-899(2006). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Wagner, S. Seebacher, W. Osten, and W. Jüptner, “Digital recording and numerical reconstruction of lensless fourier holograms in optical metrology,” Appl. Opt. 38, 4812-4820(1999).
  8. C. Wagner, W. Osten, and S. Seebacher, “Direct shape measurement by digital wavefront reconstruction and multiwavelength contouring,” Opt. Eng. 39, 79-85 (2000).
  9. I. Yamaguchi, S. Ohta, and J. Kato, “Surface contouring by phase-shifting digital holography,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 36, 417-428 (2001).
  10. J. Gass, A. Dakoff, and M. K. Kim, “Phase imaging without 2π ambiguity by multiwavelength digital holography,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1141-1143 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. D. Parshall and M. K. Kim, “Digital holographic microscopy with dual-wavelength phase unwrapping,” Appl. Opt. 45, 451-459 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. I. Yamaguchi, T. Ida, M. Yokota, and K. Yamashita, “Surface shape measurement by phase-shifting digital holography with a wavelength shift,” Appl. Opt. 45, 7610-7616 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Servin, J. L. Marroquin, D. Malacara, and F. J. Cuevas, “Phase unwrapping with a regularized phase-tracking system,” Appl. Opt. 37, 1917-1923 (1998).
  14. A. Asundi and Z. Wensen, “Fast phase-unwrapping algorithm based on a gray-scale mask and flood fill,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5416-5420 (1998).
  15. G. Pedrini, P. Fröning, H. J. Tiziani, and M. E. Gusev, “Pulsed digital holography for high-speed contouring that uses a two-wavelength method,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3460-3467 (1999).
  16. Y. Y. Cheng and J. C. Wyant, “Two-wavelength phase shifting interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 23, 4539-4543 (1984).
  17. Y. Y. Cheng and J. C. Wyant, “Multiple-wavelength phase-shifting interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 24, 804-807 (1985).
  18. P. de Groot, “Three-color laser-diode interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3612-3616 (1991).
  19. Y. Ishii, Progress in Optics, Chap. Laser-diode interferometry, (Elsevier, 2004), vol. 46, pp. 243-309.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited