OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2008
  • pp: 2227–2233

Temperature measurements of turbid aqueous solutions using near-infrared spectroscopy

Naoto Kakuta, Hidenobu Arimoto, Hideyuki Momoki, Fuguo Li, and Yukio Yamada  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 13, pp. 2227-2233 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1546 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report a method that uses near-infrared spectroscopy and multivariate analysis to measure the temperature of turbid aqueous solutions. The measurement principle is based on the fact that the peak wavelength of the water absorption band, with its center near 1440 nm , shifts with changes in temperature. This principle was used to measure the temperatures of 1 mm thick samples of aqueous solutions containing Intralipid (2%), which are often used as optical phantoms for biological tissues due to similar scattering characteristics. Temperatures of pure water and aqueous solutions containing glucose ( 100 mg / ml and 200 mg / ml ) were also measured for comparison. For the turbid Intralipid solutions, the absorbance spectrum varied irregularly with time due to the change in scattering characteristics. However, by making use of the difference between the absorbance at 1412 nm and the temperature- independent absorbance at 1440 nm , we obtained SEPs (standard error of prediction) of 0.3 ° C and 0.2 ° C by univariate linear regression and partial least squares regression, respectively. These accuracies were almost the same as those for the transparent samples (pure water and glucose solution).

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: September 18, 2007
Revised Manuscript: February 28, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: March 14, 2008
Published: April 24, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Naoto Kakuta, Hidenobu Arimoto, Hideyuki Momoki, Fuguo Li, and Yukio Yamada, "Temperature measurements of turbid aqueous solutions using near-infrared spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 47, 2227-2233 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. W. Siesler, Y. Ozaki, S. Kawata, and H. M. Heise, Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (Wiley-VCH, 2002).
  2. Y. Yamada, “Light-tissue interaction and optical imaging in biomedicine,” in Annual Review of Heat Transfer 6, C. -L. Tien, ed. (Begell House, 1995), pp. 1-59.
  3. D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann, The Structure and Properties of Water (Clarendon, 1969).
  4. V. H. Segtnan, S. Sasic, T. Isaksson, and Y. Ozaki, “Studies on the structure of water using two-dimensional near-infrared correlation spectroscopy and principal component analysis,” Anal. Chem. 73, 3153-3161 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. V. S. Langford, A. J. McKinley, and T. I. Quickenden, “Temperature dependence of the visible-near-infrared absorption spectrum of liquid water,” J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8916-8921(2001). [CrossRef]
  6. F. O. Libnau, O. M. Kvalheim, A. A. Christy, and J. Toft, “Spectra of water in the near- and mid-infrared region,” Vibrat. Spectrosc. 7, 243-254, 1994. [CrossRef]
  7. P. S. Jensen, J. Bak, and S. Andersson-Engels, “Influence of temperature on water and aqueous glucose absorption spectra in the near- and mid-infrared regions at physiologically relevant temperatures,” Appl. Spectrosc. 57, 28-36 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. S.-j. Yeh, C. F. Hanna, and O. S. Khalil, “Monitoring blood glucose changes in cutaneous tissue by temperature-modulated localized reflectance measurements,” Clin. Chem. 49, 924-934 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Cui, L. An, W. Chen, and K. Xu, “Quantitative effect of temperature to the absorbance of aqueous glucose in wavelength range from 1200 nm to 1700 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 6887-6891(2005). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Arimoto, M. Tarumi, and Y. Yamada, “Temperature-insensitive measurement of glucose concentration based on near infrared spectroscopy and partial least squares analysis,” Opt. Rev. 10, 74-76 (2003). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Wulfert, W. Th. Kok, and A. K. Smilde, “Influence of temperature on vibrational spectra and consequences for the predictive ability of multivariate models,” Anal. Chem. 70, 1761-1767 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Lin and C. W. Brown, “Near-IR fiber-optic temperature sensor,” Appl. Spectrosc. 47, 62-68 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. S. A. Thompson, F. J. Andrade, and F. A. Inon, “Light emission diode water temperature: a low-cost and noninvasive strategy for monitoring temperature in aqueous solutions,” Appl. Spectrosc. 58, 344-3482004. [CrossRef]
  14. E. H. Otal, F. A. Inon, and F. J. Andrade, “Monitoring the temperature of dilute aqueous solutions using near-infrared water absorption,” Appl. Spectrosc. 57, 661-666 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. J. D. Catigny, Y. Yamada, and C. L. Tien, “Radiative transport with dependent scattering by particles, Part 1: Theoretical investigation,” Trans. ASME J. Heat Transfer 108, 608-613(1986).
  16. A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagations and Scattering in Random Media (Wiley-IEEE Press, 1994).
  17. T. L. Troy and S. N. Thennadil, “Optical properties of human skin in the near infrared wavelength range of 1000 to 2200 nm,” J Biomed. Opt. 6, 167-176 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. O. S. Khalil, S.-j. Yeh, M. G. Lowery, X. Wu, C. F. Hanna, S. Kantor, T.-W. Jeng, J. S. Kanger, R. A. Bolt, and F. F. de Mul, “Temperature modulation of the visible and near infrared absorption and scattering coefficients of human skin,” J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 191-205 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. B. Chance, H. Liu, T. Kitai, and Y. Zhang, “Effects of solutes on optical properties of biological materials: models, cells, and tissues,” Anal. Biochem. 227, 351-362 (1995). [CrossRef]
  20. V. S. Hollis, T. Binzoni, and D. T. Delpy, “Non-invasive monitoring of brain tissue temperature by near-infrared spectroscopy,” Proc. SPIE 4250, 470-481 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. V. A. McGlone, P. Martinsen, R. Kunnemeyer, B. Jordan, and B. Cletus, “Measuring optical temperature coefficients of Intralipid,” Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 2367-2378(2007). [CrossRef]
  22. C. Chen, J. Q. Lu, H. Ding, K. M. Jacobs, Y. Du, and X.-H. Hu, “A primary method for determination of optical parameters of turbid samples and application to Intralipid between 550 and 1630 nm,” Opt. Express 14, 7420-7435 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. H. J. van Staveren, C. J. M. Moes, J. van Marle, S. A. Prahl, and M. J. C. van Gemert, “Light scattering in Intralipid-10% in the wavelength range of 400-1100 nm,” Appl. Opt. 30, 4507-4514 (1991).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited