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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2008
  • pp: 3053–3063

Dynamic schema for near infrared detection of pressure-induced changes in solid tumors

Bei Wang, Stephen P. Povoski, Xianhua Cao, Duxin Sun, and Ronald X. Xu  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 16, pp. 3053-3063 (2008)

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Differentiation among malignant tumors, benign tumors, and normal tissue is highly important in the diagnosis and treatment of many malignancies. We have proposed a dynamic schema for noninvasive characterization of pressure-induced changes in solid tumors. Our hypothesis has been that the altered neovascularization processes within cancer-bearing tissues may significantly increase vascular resistance and cause a much slower response of hemoglobin concentration during a dynamic compression stimulus. This hypothesis was tested by the evaluation of data generated from human tumor clinical testing and from animal tumor model testing. In the human tumor clinical testing, a unified diagnostic criterion was derived that integrated the relative characteristics of tumor oxygen, hemoglobin, and hemoglobin dynamics. By applying such a unified criterion, we were able to differentiate benign breast lesions and malignant breast tumors with high sensitivity and specificity within a subset of 14 suspicious breast lesions with similar size and depth characteristics. In the animal testing, a stepped compression load was applied to the subcutaneous tumor deposit on an athymic NU/NU nude mouse model with subcutaneous xenograft BxPC-3 cancer. Characteristic differences were observed between the premortem tumor and the postmortem tumor in terms of pressure-induced tumor structural and functional changes.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(170.3010) Medical optics and biotechnology : Image reconstruction techniques
(170.5280) Medical optics and biotechnology : Photon migration
(170.6510) Medical optics and biotechnology : Spectroscopy, tissue diagnostics
(170.2655) Medical optics and biotechnology : Functional monitoring and imaging
(170.6935) Medical optics and biotechnology : Tissue characterization

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

Original Manuscript: January 4, 2008
Revised Manuscript: April 20, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 5, 2008
Published: May 26, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Bei Wang, Stephen P. Povoski, Xianhua Cao, Duxin Sun, and Ronald X. Xu, "Dynamic schema for near infrared detection of pressure-induced changes in solid tumors," Appl. Opt. 47, 3053-3063 (2008)

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