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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 2 — Jan. 10, 2008
  • pp: 99–102

Distributed Brillouin sensor system based on offset locking of two distributed feedback lasers

Yun Li, Xiaoyi Bao, Fabien Ravet, and Evgueni Ponomarev  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 2, pp. 99-102 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.000099


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Abstract

An offset locking technique, which uses an external optical delay line to tune the distributed feedback (DFB) laser frequency and a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller to lock the tuned frequency, is proposed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, in the distributed Brillouin sensor system. This method provides large tuning range (greater than 1   GHz ), high tuning speed (less than 100 μ s per frequency step), and frequency tuning is independent of the laser frequency and power. The two DFB lasers are phase locked at the Brillouin frequency using a hardware PID controller. Using this offset locking with optical delay line, we demonstrated a high signal-to-noise ratio of 32   dB , which allows 1   m spatial resolution and better than 0.6   MHz frequency measurement accuracy (equivalent to 0.5 ° C temperature resolution or 8 μ ε strain resolution) over kilometers sensing length. The bias of the electro-optic modulator is controlled by a lock-in amplifier to provide high temperature or strain measurement accuracy.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(290.5830) Scattering : Scattering, Brillouin
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: August 13, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 16, 2007
Published: January 4, 2008

Citation
Yun Li, Xiaoyi Bao, Fabien Ravet, and Evgueni Ponomarev, "Distributed Brillouin sensor system based on offset locking of two distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Opt. 47, 99-102 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-2-99


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