OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2008
  • pp: 3555–3560

Design and parallel fabrication of wire-grid polarization arrays for polarization-resolved imaging at 1.55 μ m

Yaling Zhou and David J. Klotzkin  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 20, pp. 3555-3560 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (6572 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Polarization-resolved imaging can provide information about the composition and topography of the environment that is invisible to the eye. We demonstrate a practical method to fabricate arrays of small, orthogonal wire-grid polarizers (WGPs) that can be matched to individual detector pixels, and we present design curves that relate the structure to the polarization extinction ratio obtained. The photonic area lithographically mapped (PALM) method uses multiple-exposure conventional and holographic lithography to create subwavelength patterns easily aligned to conventional mask features. WGPs with polarization extinction ratios of ~ 10 at a 1.55 μm wavelength were fabricated, and square centimeter areas of square micrometer size WGP arrays suitable for polarization-resolved imaging on glass were realized.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: December 13, 2007
Revised Manuscript: May 20, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 29, 2008
Published: July 2, 2008

Virtual Issues
Vol. 3, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Yaling Zhou and David J. Klotzkin, "Design and parallel fabrication of wire-grid polarization arrays for polarization-resolved imaging at 1.55 μm," Appl. Opt. 47, 3555-3560 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Makita, T. Yasuno, T. Endo, M. Itoh, and T. Yaragai, “Polarization contrast imaging of biological tissues by polarization sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1142-1147 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. B. Wolff and A. G. Andreau, “Polarization camera sensors,” Image Vision Comput. 13, 497-510 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. C. K. Harnett and H. G. Craighead, “Liquid-crystal micropolarizer for polarization-difference imaging,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1291-1296 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Guo and D. Brady, “Fabrication of thin-film micropolarizer arrays for visible imaging polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 39, 1486-1492 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. G. P. Nordin, J. T. Meier, P. C. Deguzman, and M. W. Jones, “Micropolarizer array for infrared imaging polarimetry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1168-1174 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Zhou, H. Tan, and D. Klotzkin, “Small area right angle bends fabricated with hybird conventional and interference lithography,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 49, 1300-1303(2007). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Chincholi, S. Banerjee, J.-S. Huang, and D. Klotzkin, “Parallel fabrication of photonic crystals (PC) using interference lithography for integrated waveguide-PC devices,” in Adaptive Optics: Analysis and Methods/Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging/Information Photonics/Signal Recovery and Synthesis, Topical Meetings on CD-ROM, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper JWB10.
  8. T. Doumuki and H. Tamada, “An aluminum-wire grid polarizer fabricated on a gallium-arsenide photodiode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 686-688 (1997).
  9. X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 4407-4412 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Taflove, Computational Elecrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 1995).
  11. “Tables and graphs of the complex index of refraction for common microfabrication materials,” http://www.ee.byu.edu/photonics/tabulatedopticalconstants.phtml.
  12. M. Xu., H. UrbachD. deBoer, and H. Cornelissen, “Wire-grid diffraction gratings using aspolarizing beam splitter for visible light and applied in liquid crystal on Si,” Opt. Express 132303-2320 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. W. Ahn, K. D. Lee, J. S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J. D. Park, S. H. Lee and P. W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16, 1874-1877 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. M. A. Jensen and G. P. Nordin, “Finite-aperture wire grid polarizers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 2191-2198 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. P. C. Deguzman and G. P. Nordin, “Stacked subwavelength gratings as circular polarization filters,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5731-5737 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited