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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2008
  • pp: 3892–3900

Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer

Jia Jiang, Claire L. Callender, Sarkis Jacob, Julian P. Noad, Shengrong Chen, John Ballato, and Dennis W. Smith, Jr.  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 21, pp. 3892-3900 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.003892


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Abstract

Low-attenuation waveguides based on the propagation of long-range surface plasmon polaritons (LRSPPs) along thin Au stripes embedded in low absorption perfluorocyclobutane (PFCB) polymer are presented. A new low in propagation loss of < 2.0 dB / cm was achieved for a 4 μm wide waveguide by optimizing the cladding material and fabrication process. The coupling efficiency between the LRSPP waveguide and the optical fiber is studied theoretically and experimentally for different widths of Au stripes and various cladding thicknesses. Lower coupling loss is found when the cladding thickness is close to the mode diameter of the butt-coupled fiber. Based on the 2D distribution of SPP modes calculated by a finite-difference mode solver, a symmetric structure of multilayer claddings with different refractive indices is proposed to optimize device insertion loss.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: April 2, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 31, 2008
Published: July 17, 2008

Citation
Jia Jiang, Claire L. Callender, Sarkis Jacob, Julian P. Noad, Shengrong Chen, John Ballato, and Dennis W. Smith, Jr., "Long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides embedded in fluorinated polymer," Appl. Opt. 47, 3892-3900 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-21-3892


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