OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2008
  • pp: 3987–3993

Fabrication of polymer waveguides between two optical fibers using spatially controlled light-induced polymerization

Safi Jradi, Olivier Soppera, and Daniel J. Lougnot  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 22, pp. 3987-3993 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.003987


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (7211 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A new method for the fabrication of polymer waveguides between two optical fibers using a spatially controlled photopolymerization is reported. By taking advantage of the self-guiding effect of light through a photopolymerizable medium, polymer waveguides perfectly aligned with the fiber cores and strongly anchored to their surfaces are fabricated. The process is characterized by following in situ the coupling efficiency of a nonactinic laser source. Examples of waveguides exhibiting good coupling efficiency and high flexibility are given. By selecting the suitable monomers and adjusting the photonic parameters, the optical and mechanical waveguide properties (diameter, length, refractive index, rigidity, and flexibility) can be controlled in view of optical sensor applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(160.0160) Materials : Materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(130.5460) Integrated optics : Polymer waveguides

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: April 14, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: May 31, 2008
Published: July 22, 2008

Citation
Safi Jradi, Olivier Soppera, and Daniel J. Lougnot, "Fabrication of polymer waveguides between two optical fibers using spatially controlled light-induced polymerization," Appl. Opt. 47, 3987-3993 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-22-3987


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Bachelot, P. Royer, G. Wurtz, C. Ecoffet, A. Espanet, and D. J. Lougnot, “Monomodal or weakly multimodal optical fibers, with large numerical aperture at ends, having tip(s) of transparent plastics for forming specific connections e.g. to other optical fibers or lasers,” French patent FR27980740(2001).
  2. R. Bachelot, C. Ecoffet, D. Deloeil, P. Royer, and D. J. Lougnot, “Integration of micrometer-sized polymer elements at the end of optical fibers by free-radical photopolymerization,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5860-5871 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Jradi, O. Soppera, D. J. Lougnot, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Tailoring the geometry of polymer tips on the end of optical fibers via control of physico-chemical parameters,” submitted to Journal of Optical Materials.
  4. O. Soppera, S. Jradi, and D. J. Lougnot, “Photopolymerization with microscale resolution: influence of the physico-chemical and photonic parameters,” J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 46, 3783-3794 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Bachelot, A. Fares, R. Fikri, D. Barchiesi, G. Lerondel, and P. Royer, “Coupling semiconductor lasers into single-mode optical fibers by use of tips grown by photopolymerization,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1971-1973 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Bouillard, “Microscopie en champ proche optique à base de micropointes optiques en polymère : développement et applications,” Ph.D. dissertation (Université de Technologie de Troyes, 2007).
  7. K. D. Dorkenoo, O. Cregut, L. Mager, F. Gillot, C. Carré, and A. Fort, “Quasi-solitonic behavior of self-written waveguides created by photopolymerization,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1782-1784(2002). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Hocine, N. Fressengeas, G. Kugel, C. Carré, D. J. Lougnot, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Modeling the growth of a polymer microtip on an optical fiber end,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 611-620 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Kagami, T. Yamashita, H. Ito, “Light-induced self-written three-dimensional optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1079-1081 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. O. Sugihara, H. Tsuchie, H. Endo, N. Okamoto, T. Yamashita, M. Kagami, and T. Kaino, “Light-induced self-written polymeric optical waveguides for single-mode propagation and for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 804-806 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. O. Mikami, “A new architecture for board-level optical wirings applying optical pin and self-written waveguide,” Proc. SPIE 6014, 60140L.1-60140L.13 (2005).
  12. S. Klein, A. Barsella, H. Leblond, H. Bulou, A. Fort, C. Andraud, G. Lemercier, J. C. Mulatier, and K. D. Dorkenoo, “One-step waveguide and optical circuit writing in photopolymerizable materials processed by two-photon absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 211118 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Jradi, O. Soppera, and D. J. Lougnot, “Analysis of photopolymerized acrylic films by AFM in pulsed force mode,” J. Microscopy 229, 151-161 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Ibn El Ahrach, R. Bachelot, A. Vial, A.-S Grimault, G. Lérondel, J. Plain, P. Royer, and O. Soppera, “Spectral degeneracy breaking of the plasmon resonance of single metal nanoparticles by nanoscale near-field photopolymerization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 107402 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited