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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2008
  • pp: E44–E52

Phase-space evolution of x-ray coherence in phase-sensitive imaging

Xizeng Wu and Hong Liu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 22, pp. E44-E52 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.000E44


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Abstract

X-ray coherence evolution in the imaging process plays a key role for x-ray phase-sensitive imaging. In this work we present a phase-space formulation for the phase-sensitive imaging. The theory is reformulated in terms of the cross-spectral density and associated Wigner distribution. The phase-space formulation enables an explicit and quantitative account of partial coherence effects on phase-sensitive imaging. The presented formulas for x-ray spectral density at the detector can be used for performing accurate phase retrieval and optimizing the phase-contrast visibility. The concept of phase-space shearing length derived from this phase-space formulation clarifies the spatial coherence requirement for phase-sensitive imaging with incoherent sources. The theory has been applied to x-ray Talbot interferometric imaging as well. The peak coherence condition derived reveals new insights into three-grating-based Talbot-interferometric imaging and gratings-based x-ray dark-field imaging.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1670) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherent optical effects
(110.1650) Imaging systems : Coherence imaging

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 4, 2008
Revised Manuscript: April 24, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: April 25, 2008
Published: May 15, 2008

Citation
Xizeng Wu and Hong Liu, "Phase-space evolution of x-ray coherence in phase-sensitive imaging," Appl. Opt. 47, E44-E52 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-22-E44

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