OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2008
  • pp: 5701–5705

Proposal for electro-optic multiplier based on dual transverse electro-optic Kerr effect

Changsheng Li  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 30, pp. 5701-5705 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (817 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A novel electro-optic multiplier is proposed, which can perform voltage multiplication operation by use of the Kerr medium exhibiting dual transverse electro-optic Kerr effect. In this kind of Kerr medium, electro-optic phase retardation is proportional to the square of its applied electric field, and orientations of the field-induced birefringent axes are only related to the direction of the field. Based on this effect, we can design an electro-optic multiplier by selecting the crystals of 6/mmm, 432, and m3m classes and isotropic Kerr media such as glass. Simple calculation demonstrates that a kind of glass–ceramic material with a large Kerr constant can be used for the design of the proposed electro-optic multiplier.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(220.4830) Optical design and fabrication : Systems design
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(260.1180) Physical optics : Crystal optics
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: June 3, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 26, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: September 12, 2008
Published: October 17, 2008

Changsheng Li, "Proposal for electro-optic multiplier based on dual transverse electro-optic Kerr effect," Appl. Opt. 47, 5701-5705 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. F. Taylor, “Application of guided-wave optics in signal processing and sensing,” Proc. IEEE 75, 1524-1535 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. H. Houtman, “Ultrafast analog computer circuits that use the Pockels effect,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1238-1240 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Li and X. Cui, “Electro-optic crystal multiplier and its application,” Chin. J. Lasers A24, 1079-1084 (1997).
  4. C. Li, X. Cui, and T. Yoshino, “Measurement of AC electric power based on dual transverse Pockels effect,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 697 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Li and T. Yoshino, “Optical voltage sensor based on electro-optic crystal multiplier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 843-849(2002). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Li, “Electro-optic crystal multiplier based on two cascaded Pockels crystals,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 521-523(2004). [CrossRef]
  7. C. F. Buhrer, L. R. Bloom, and D. H. Baird, “Electro-optic light modulation with cubic crystal,” Appl. Opt. 2, 839-846 (1963). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals: Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (Wiley, 1984), pp. 256-262.
  9. T. J. Gung, A. Ustundag, and M. Zahn, “Preliminary Kerr electro-optic field mapping measurements in propylene carbonate using point-plane electrodes,” J. Electrost. 46, 79-89(1999). [CrossRef]
  10. S. E. Harris and A. E. Siegman, “A technique for optical frequency translation utilizing the quadratic electro-optic effect in cubic crystals,” Appl. Opt. 3, 1089-1090 (1964). [CrossRef]
  11. F. K. Willisen, “A tunable birefringent filter,” Appl. Opt. 5, 97-104 (1966). [CrossRef]
  12. C. L. Hu, “Linear electro-optic retardation schemes for the twenty classes of linear electro-optic crystals and their applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 3275-3284 (1967). [CrossRef]
  13. E. Collett, Polarized Light: Fundamentals and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 1993), Chap. 5.
  14. C. Li, “Complete polarization conversion using one crystal with dual transverse Pockels effect,” Appl. Opt. 47, 2241-2251(2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. A. Lipovskii, D. K. Tagantsev, B. V. Tatarintsev, and A. A. Vetrov, “The origin of electro-optical sensitivity of glassy materials: crystal motifs in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 318, 268-283 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. D. E. Cooper, T. C. Cheng, K. S. Kim, and K. Kantak, “Kerr type electro-optic effect in solid dielectrics,” IEEE Trans. Electr. Insul. EI-15, 294-300 (1980). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhou, X. Deng, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, and S. Xie, “Determination of DC Kerr coefficients of polymer films with prism-optical waveguide configuration,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021106 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Luo, M. Ye, Y. Xu, and Y. Cui, “Analysis and improvement of reflection-type transverse modulation optical voltage sensor,” Chin. J. Lasers B10, 34-39 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited