OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 32 — Nov. 10, 2008
  • pp: 6014–6021

Small-core chalcogenide microstructured fibers for the infrared

Frédéric Désévédavy, Gilles Renversez, Laurent Brilland, Patrick Houizot, Johann Troles, Quentin Coulombier, Frédéric Smektala, Nicholas Traynor, and Jean-Luc Adam  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 32, pp. 6014-6021 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4446 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report several small-core chalcogenide microstructured fibers fabricated by the “Stack & Draw” technique from Ge 15 Sb 20 S 65 glass with regular profiles. Mode field diameters and losses have been measured at 1.55 μm . For one of the presented fibers, the pitch is 2.5 μm , three times smaller than that already obtained in our previous work, and the corresponding mode field diameter is now as small as 3.5 μm . This fiber, obtained using a two step “Stack & Draw” technique, is single-mode at 1.55 μm from a practical point of view. We also report the first measurement of the attenuation between 1 and 3.5 μm of a chalcogenide microstructured fiber. Experimental data concerning fiber attenuation and mode field diameter are compared with calculations. Finally, the origin of fiber attenuation and the nonlinearity of the fibers are discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: August 1, 2008
Revised Manuscript: October 7, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 13, 2008
Published: November 4, 2008

Frédéric Désévédavy, Gilles Renversez, Laurent Brilland, Patrick Houizot, Johann Troles, Quentin Coulombier, Frédéric Smektala, Nicholas Traynor, and Jean-Luc Adam, "Small-core chalcogenide microstructured fibers for the infrared," Appl. Opt. 47, 6014-6021 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. J. S. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961-963(1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White-light supercontinuum generation with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crysral fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356-1358(2001). [CrossRef]
  3. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27(2000). [CrossRef]
  4. J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. Windeler, B. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Fini, “Microstructure fibres for optical sensing in gases and liquids,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1120-1128(2004). [CrossRef]
  6. A. S. Webb, F. Poletti, D. J. Richardson, and J. K. Sahu, “Suspended-core holey fiber for evanescent-field sensing,” Opt Eng. 46, 010503 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Hewak, ed., Properties, Processing and Applications of Glass and Rare Earth-Doped Glasses for Optical Fibers, Vol. 22 of EMIS Datarev. Ser. (INSPEC, 1998).
  8. F. Smektala, C. Quemard, V. Couderc, and A. Barthélémy, “Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses measured by z-scan,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 274, 232-237(2000). [CrossRef]
  9. T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, and D. J. Richardson, “Chalcogenide holey fibres,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1998-2000 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Brilland, F. Smektala, G. Renversez, T. Chartier, J. Troles, T. Nguyen, N. Traynor, and A. Monteville, “Fabrication of complex structures of holey fibers in chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express 14, 1280-1285 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184(2006). [CrossRef]
  12. J. S. Sanghera, I. D. Aggarwal, L. B. Shaw, C. M. Florea, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, F. Kung, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Nonlinear properties of chalcogenide glass fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 8, 2148-2155 (2006).
  13. C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424, 657-659 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Bétourné, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Perrin, and M. Douay, “Improvements of solid-core photonic bandgap fibers by means of interstitial air holes,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1719-1721 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Crystal Fibre, http://www.crystal-fibre.com/.
  16. M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, F. Smektala, J. L. Adam, O. Bohnke, C. Duverger, A. Moreac, H. Zeghlache, A. Kudlinski, G. Martinelli, and Y. Quiquempois, “Chalcogenide glasses based on germanium disulfide for second harmonic generation,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 3284-3294 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko, “High-purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 3, 341-349 (2001).
  18. J. S. Sanghera, L. E. Busse, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Effect of scattering centers on the optical loss of As2s3 glass fibers in the infrared,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 4885-4891 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russel, and D. M. Atkin, “All silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding: errata,” Opt. Lett. 22, 484 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).
  22. T. M. Monro and D. J. Richardson, “Holey optical fibres: Fundamental properties and device applications,” C.R. Physique 4, 175-186 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. G. Renversez, F. Bordas, and B. T. Kuhlmey, “Second mode transition in microstructured optical fibers: Determination of the critical geometrical parameter and study of the matrix refractive index and effects of cladding size,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1264-1266 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. F. Zolla, G. Renversez, A. Nicolet, B. Kuhlmey, S. Guenneau, and D. Felbacq, Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres (Imperial College, 2005). [CrossRef]
  25. L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, F. Bahloul, M. Zghal, G. Mélin, E. Burov, and G. Renversez, “Accurate measurement of the cutoff wavelength in a microstructured optical fiber by means of an azimuthal filtering technique,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1779-1781(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. V. Tikhomirov, G. J. Adriaenssens, and A. J. Faber, “Photoinduced anisotropy and photorefraction in Pr-doped Ge-Ga-S glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213-214, 174-178 (1997). [CrossRef]
  27. K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Newak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett. 38, 546-547 (2002). [CrossRef]
  28. V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, “Extruded soft glass photonic crystal fiber for ultrabroad supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 10, 1520-1524 (2002).
  29. V. V. Ravi Kanth Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Tellurite photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 11, 2641-2645 (2003). [CrossRef]
  30. E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. Lamont, D. I. Yeom, and B. J. Eggleton, “Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity in sub-wavelength diameter As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 15, 10324-10329 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. B. Kuhlmey, G. Renversez, and D. Maystre, “Chromatic dispersion and losses of microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 42, 634-639 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. G. Renversez, B. Kuhlmey, and R. McPhedran, “Dispersion management with microstructured optical fibers: Ultra-flattened chromatic dispersion with low losses,” Opt. Lett. 28, 989-991 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited