OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2008
  • pp: 504–511

Design and characteristics of refractive index sensor based on thinned and microstructure fiber Bragg grating

Xue-Feng Huang, Zhe-Min Chen, Li-Yang Shao, Ke-Fa Cen, De-Ren Sheng, Jun Chen, and Hao Zhou  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. 504-511 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.000504


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (985 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A refractive index sensor based on the thinned and microstructure fiber Bragg grating (ThMs-FBG) was proposed and realized as a chemical sensing. The numerical simulation for the reflectance spectrum of the ThMs-FBG was calculated and the phase shift down-peak could be observed from the reflectance spectrum. Many factors influencing the reflectance spectrum were considered in detail for simulation, including the etched depth, length, and position. The sandwich-solution etching method was utilized to realize the microstructure of the ThMs-FBG, and the photographs of the microstructure were obtained. Experimental results demonstrated that the reflectance spectrum, phase shift down-peak wavelength, and reflected optical intensity of the ThMs-FBG all depended on the surrounding refractive index. However, only the down-peak wavelength of the ThMs-FBG changed with the surrounding temperature. Under the condition that the length and cladding diameter of the ThMs-FBG microstructure were 800 and 14 μ m , respectively, and the position of the microstructure of the ThMs-FBG is in the middle of grating region, the refractive index sensitivity of the ThMs-FBG was 0.79   nm ∕refractive index unit with the wide range of 1.33–1.457 and a high resolution of 1.2 × 10 3 . The temperature sensitivity was 0.0103 nm / ° C , which was approximately equal to that of common FBG.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(280.5715) Remote sensing and sensors : Refractivity profiles

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: July 30, 2007
Revised Manuscript: October 23, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 25, 2007
Published: January 23, 2008

Citation
Xue-Feng Huang, Zhe-Min Chen, Li-Yang Shao, Ke-Fa Cen, De-Ren Sheng, Jun Chen, and Hao Zhou, "Design and characteristics of refractive index sensor based on thinned and microstructure fiber Bragg grating," Appl. Opt. 47, 504-511 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-4-504


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. Matsubara, S. Kawata, and S. Minami, "Optical chemical sensor based on surface plasma measurement," Appl. Opt. 27, 1160-1163 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Matteo, M. Franco, and G. Giorgio, "Direct measurement of refractive-index dispersion of transparent media by white-light interferometry," Appl. Opt. 42, 3910-3914 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Raty and K.-E. Peiponen, "Measurement of refractive index of liquids using s- and p-polarized light," Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 74-76 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Argha, M. Sayak, and K. V. Rishi, "Fiber optic sensing of liquid refractive index," Sens. Actuators B 123, 594-605 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. C. B. Kim and C. B. Su, "Measurement of the refractive index of liquids at 1.3 and 1.5 micron using a fibre optic Fresnel ratio meter," Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1683-1686 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Slavik and J. Ctyroky, "Miniturization of fiber optical surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 51, 311-315 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and L. Nicolais, "Optoelectronic refractive index measurements: applications to smart processing," IEEE Sens. J. 3, 781-787 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. R. Bernini, S. Campopiano, and L. Zeni, "Silicon micromachined hollow optical waveguides for sensing applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 106-110 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Bernini, S. Campopiano, L. Zeni, and P. M. Sarro, "ARROW optical waveguides based sensors," Sens. Actuators B 100, 143-146 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, and A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated ARROW waveguides with hollow cores," Opt. Express 12, 2710-2715 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Villatoro, D. Monzón-Hernández, and D. Talavera, "High resolution refractive index sensing with cladded multimode tapered optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 40, 106-107 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, "Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49-R61 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Allsopa, F. Floreania, and K. P. Jedrzejewskib, "Tapered fibre LPG device as a sensing element for refractive index," Proc. SPIE 5855, 443-446 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. X. W. Shu, B. A. L. Gwandu, and Y. Liu, "Sampled fiber Bragg grating for simultaneous refractive-index and temperature measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 774-776 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, "Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765-770 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. C. L. Zhao, X. F. Yang, M. S. Demokan, and W. Jin, "Simultaneous temperature and refractive index measurements using a 3° slanted multimode fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 879-883 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Zhou, X. Chen, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, "High-sensitivity optical chemsensor based on etched D-fibre Bragg gratings," Electron. Lett. 40, 232-234 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, and A. Cutolo, "Self temperature referenced refractive index sensor by non-uniform thinned fiber Bragg gratings," Sens. Actuators B 120, 231-237 (2006). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Liang, Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, "Highly sensitive fiber Bragg grating refractive index sensors," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
  20. A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, "Thinned fiber Bragg gratings as refractive index sensors," IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288-1295 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. N. Chen, B. F. Yun, and Y. P. Cui, "Cladding mode resonances of etch-eroded fiber Bragg grating for ambient refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 133902 (2006).
  22. A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, "Refractive index sensor based on microstructured fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1250-1252 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. A. Iadicicco, A. Cutolo, S. Campopiano, M. Giordano, and A. Cusano, "Advanced fiber optical refractometers based on partially etched fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. IEEE Sens. 3, 1218-1221 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. A. Cusano, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, M. Giordano, and A. Cutolo, "Thinned and micro-structured fibre Bragg gratings: towards new all-fibre high-sensitivity chemical sensors," Appl. Opt. 7, 734-741 (2005).
  25. P. Domachuk, I. C. M. Litter, M. Cronin-Golomb, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact resonant integrated microfluidic refractometer,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 093513 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997). [CrossRef]
  27. M. Monerie, "Propagation in doubly clad single-mode fibers," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 82, 381-388 (1982). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited