OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2008
  • pp: A7–A12

Infrared holography using a microbolometer array

Nicholas George, Kedar Khare, and Wanli Chi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. A7-A12 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (519 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We describe a series of experiments to demonstrate holography at far-infrared wavelengths using an uncooled microbolometer array. Simple interference patterns and Fresnel zone holograms are recorded with a 10 W c w CO 2 laser illumination in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer setup. A sparse-sampling method is used to sample the hologram at a rate dependent on the bandwidth of the object wavefront rather than the carrier frequency. The samples are then used to reconstruct the complex object wavefront in the hologram plane, which is Fresnel backpropagated for image reconstruction. Uncooled microbolometer arrays are most commonly used in passive mode to image the thermal–blackbody radiation. Their technology has matured to include the wavelength range of far-infrared to submillimeter radiation. The use of microbolometers with active illumination for holography, as described in this paper, suggests their interesting future applications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(100.2650) Image processing : Fringe analysis
(100.3010) Image processing : Image reconstruction techniques
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference

Original Manuscript: April 26, 2007
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: July 20, 2007
Published: September 4, 2007

Nicholas George, Kedar Khare, and Wanli Chi, "Infrared holography using a microbolometer array," Appl. Opt. 47, A7-A12 (2008)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. N. Leith and J. Upatnieks, "Reconstructed wavefronts and communication theory," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 1123-1130 (1962). [CrossRef]
  2. U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer-Verlag, 2007). [PubMed]
  3. L. Yaroslavsky, Digital Holography and Digital Image Processing: Principles, Methods, Algorithms (Kluwer Academic, 2003).
  4. E. Leith, H. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Dilworth, J. Lopez, R. Masri, J. Rudd, and J. Valdmanis, "Imaging through tissues with electronic holography and femtosecond pulses," Proc. SPIE 1600, 172-177 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. E. Tajahuerce and B. Javidi, "Encrypting three-dimensional information with digital holography," Appl. Opt. 39, 6595-6601 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. I. Yamaguchi, T. Matsumura, and J. Kato, "Phase-shifting color digital holography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1108-1110 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. R. M. Beaulieu and R. A. Lessard, "Review of recording media for holography at 10.6 microns," Proc. SPIE 3011, 298-305 (1997). [CrossRef]
  8. J. S. Chivian, R. N. Claytor, and D. D. Eden, "Infrared holography at 10.6 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 123-125 (1969). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Izawa and M. Kamiyama, "Infrared holography with organic photochromic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 201-201 (1969). [CrossRef]
  10. O. Kwon, J. C. Wyant, and C. R. Hayslett, "Rough surface interferometry at 10.6 μm," Appl. Opt. 19, 1862-1869 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. W. Kruse and D. D. Skatrud, Uncooled Infrared Imaging Arrays and Systems (Academic, 1997), Vol. 47.
  12. Thermal-Eye, Model 2000B, barium strontium titanate (320 × 240 pixel array), L3 Communications Infrared Products, Dallas, Tex, USA.
  13. E. Allaria, S. Brugioni, S. D. Nicolas, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and R. Meucci, "Digital holography at 10.6 μm," Opt. Commun. 215, 257-262 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. N. George, K. Khare, and W. Chi, "Electronic holography at terahertz and infrared frequencies," in Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Display Holography, H. I. Bjelkhagen, ed. (River Valley, 2006), pp. 117-119.
  15. N. George, K. Khare, and W. Chi, "Long-wave infrared holography using a microbolometer array," presented at the Annual Meeting of the Optical Society of America, Rochester, New York, 8-12 October 2006.
  16. K. Khare and N. George, "Direct sampling and demodulation of carrier-frequency signals," Opt. Commun. 211, 85-94 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Khare and N. George, "Direct coarse sampling of electronic holograms," Opt. Lett. 28, 1004-1006 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited