OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: James C. Wyant
  • Vol. 47, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2008
  • pp: 874–882

Simple technique for the measurement of two-dimensional linear retardation distributions of wave plates with a phase-shifting Nomarski prism

Sanjib Chatterjee and Y. Pavan Kumar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 47, Issue 7, pp. 874-882 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.000874


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (4228 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

What we believe to be a new technique for the measurement of two-dimensional retardation distributions of a wave plate (WP) is presented. Phase-shifting interferometry has been applied for determining the relative retardation distribution using a Nomarski prism (NP) as a phase shifter. Absolute retardation distribution is obtained by accurately determining the position of zero retardation in the interference field using white light interference fringes and adjusting the phase distribution with respect to the zero retardation position. The measured absolute retardation distribution of the NP is subtracted from that obtained for the combination of the WP and NP, to get the desired retardation distributions for the WP. The technique is suitable for the measurement of phase retardation of both single and multiple order WPs, as the actual phase retardation distributions are obtained. Results obtained for WPs are presented.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.1180) Physical optics : Crystal optics
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: September 5, 2007
Revised Manuscript: December 6, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: December 24, 2007
Published: February 28, 2008

Citation
Sanjib Chatterjee and Y. Pavan Kumar, "Simple technique for the measurement of two-dimensional linear retardation distributions of wave plates with a phase-shifting Nomarski prism," Appl. Opt. 47, 874-882 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-47-7-874


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. M. Bennett and H. E. Bennett, “Polarization,” in Handbook of Optics, W. G. Driscoll, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1978), Chap. 10, pp. 129-140.
  2. N. N. Nagib, “Phase retardometer: a proposed device for measuring phase retardance,” Appl. Opt. 39, 2078-2080 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Kurzynowski and W. A. Wozniak, “Phase retardation measurement in single and reverse Senarmont compensators without calibrated quarter wave plates,” Optik (Jena) 113, 51-53 (2002).
  4. S. Nakadate, “High precision retardation measurement using phase detection of Young's fringes,” Appl. Opt. 29, 242-246(1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. C. Montarou, T. K. Gaylord, B. L. Bachim, A. I. Dachevski, and A. Agarwal, “Two wave plate compensator method for full field retardation measurements,” Appl. Opt. 45, 271-280(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Y. Berezhna, I. V. Berezhnyy, and M. Takashi, “Dynamic photometric imaging polarizer-sample-analyzer polarimeter: instrument for mapping birefringence and optical rotation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 666-672 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Drobczynski and H. Kasprzak, “Application of space periodic variation of light polarization in imaging polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3160-3166 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Drobczynski, J. M. Bueno, P. Artal, and H. Kasprzak, “Transmission imaging polarimeter for a linear birefringent medium using a carrier fringe method,” Appl. Opt. 45, 5489-5496 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. W. Jaronski and H. T. Kasprzak, “Generalised algorithm for photoelastic measurements based on phase stepping imaging polarimetry,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7018-7025 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Otani, T. Shimada, T. Yushizawa, and N. Umeda, “Two dimensional birefringence measurement using the phase shifting technique,” Opt. Eng. 33, 1604-1609 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. B. Laude-Boulesteix, A. D. Martino, B. Drevillon, and L. Schwartz, “Muller polarimetric imaging system with liquid crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2824-2832 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. D. Chidester, J. W. Harvey, and R. P. Hubbard, “Measurement of crystal retarders,” Appl. Opt. 30, 12-14 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. L. Lo, C. H. Lai, J. F. Lin, and P. F. Hsu, “Simultaneous absolute measurements of principal angle and phase retardation with a new common-path heterodyne interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2013-2022 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. C. Huang, C. Chou, and M. Chang, “Direct measurement of refractive indices of a linear birefringent retardation plate,” Opt. Commun. 133, 11-16 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. M. H. Chiu, C. D. Chen, and D. C. Su, “Method for determining the fast axis and phase retardation of a wave plate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1924-1929 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. K. B. Rochford and C. M. Wang, “Accurate interferometric retardance measurememt,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6473-6479(1997). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Zhang, S. Zhang, Y. Han, Y. Li, and X. Xu, “Method for the measurement of retardation of wave plates based on laser frequency splitting technology,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1071-1075(2001). [CrossRef]
  18. C. C. Montarou, T. K. Gaylord, R. A. Villalaz, and E. A. Glytsis, “Colorimetry based retardation measurement method with white light interference,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5290-5297 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Borwinska, A. Masajada, and P. Kurzynowski, “Measurements of birefringent media properties using optical vortex birefringence compensator,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6419-6426(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Chatterjee, “Design considerations and fabrication technique of Nomarski reflection microscope,” Opt. Eng. 42, 2202-2213 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. K. Creath, “Phase measurement interferometry techniques,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1988), Vol. 28, pp. 349-393. [CrossRef]
  22. P. Hariharan, “Phase shifting interferometery: minimization of systematic errors,” Opt. Eng. 39, 967-969 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. K. Creath, “Comparison of phase measurement algorithm,” Proc. SPIE 680, 19-28 (1986).
  24. P. Hariharan, B. F. Oreb, and T. Eiju, “Digital phase shifting interferometery: a simple error compensating phase calculation algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2504-2505 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. Malacara, S. Malacara, and Z. Malacara, Interferogram Analysis for Optical Testing, 1st ed. (Marcel Dekker, 1998), pp. 248-255.
  26. J. M. Bueno, “Polarimetry using liquid-crystal variable retarders: theory and calibration,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 216-222 (2000). [CrossRef]
  27. E. A. West and M. H. Smith, “Polarization errors associated with birefringence wave plates,” Opt. Eng. 34, 1574-1580(1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited