OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2009
  • pp: 2262–2266

Sensing the hygroscopicity of polymer and copolymer materials using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy

Jegathisvaran Balakrishnan, Bernd M. Fischer, and Derek Abbott  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 12, pp. 2262-2266 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.002262


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (366 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present the hygroscopicity of polymer and copolymer materials in the low terahertz (THz) frequency range using a linear absorption model. We identify COC 6013 and COC 5013 as optimal THz window materials, possessing both low hygroscopicity and high transmission in the THz regime. The correct choice of window material is of significance for transmission THz spectroscopy and of particular interest for THz liquid spectroscopy.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: February 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 17, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 17, 2009
Published: April 14, 2009

Citation
Jegathisvaran Balakrishnan, Bernd M. Fischer, and Derek Abbott, "Sensing the hygroscopicity of polymer and copolymer materials using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 48, 2262-2266 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-12-2262


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Abbott and X.-C. Zhang, “Scanning the issue: T-ray imaging, sensing, and retection,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1509-1513 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Knobloch, C. Schildnecht, T. Kleine-Ostmann, M. Koch, S. Hoffmann, M. Hofmann, E. Rehberg, M. Sperling, K. Donhuijsen, G. Hein, and K. Pierz, “Medical THz imaging: An investigation of histo-pathological samples,” Phys. Med. Biol. 47, 3875-3884 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Png, J. Choi, B.-H. Ng, S. Mickan, D. Abbott, and X.-C. Zhang, “The impact of hydration changes in fresh bio-tissue on THz spectroscopic measurements,” Phys. Med. Biol. 53, 3501-3517 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. Jepsen, “Chemical recognition with broadband THz spectroscopy,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1592-1604(2007). [CrossRef]
  5. H.-B. Liu, H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging for defense and security applications,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1514-1527 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. C. Baker, T. Lo, W. Tribe, B. Cole, M. Hogbin, and M. Kemp, “Detection of concealed explosives at a distance using terahertz technology,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1559-1565 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Dobroiu, Y. Sasaki, T. Shibuya, C. Otani, and K. Kawase, “THz-wave spectroscopy applied to the detection of illicit drugs in mail,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1566-1575 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. L. Moeller, J. Federici, A. Sinyukov, C. Xie, H. C. Lim, and R. C. Giles, “Data encoding on terahertz signals for communication and sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33, 393-395 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Piesiewicz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, N. Krumbholz, D. Mittleman, M. Koch, J. Schoebel, and T. Kuerner, “Short-range ultra-broadband terahertz communications: Concepts and perspectives,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 49, 24-39 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Arikawa, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Characterizing hydration state in solution using terahertz time-domain attenuated total reflection spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 457, 12-17(2008). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Ikeda, A. Matsushita, M. Tatsuno, Y. Minami, M. Yamaguchi, K. Yamamoto, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Investigation of inflammable liquids by terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 034105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Obradovic, J. H. Collins, O. Hirsch, M. D. Mantle, M. L. Johns, and L. F. Gladden, “The use of THz time-domain reflection measurements to investigate solvent diffusion in polymers,” Polymer 48, 3494-3503 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. D. S. Venables and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Spectroscopy and dynamics of mixtures of water with acetone, acetonitrile, and methanol,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 11222-11236 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. D. S. Venables and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Structure and dynamics of nonaqueous mixtures of dipolar liquids. ii. molecular dynamics simulations,” J. Chem. Phys. 113, 3249-3260(2000). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Koeberg, C.-C. Wu, D. Kim, and M. Bonn, “THz dielectric relaxation of ionic liquid:water mixtures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 439, 60-64 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. P. U. Jepsen, J. K. Jensen, and U. Moller, “Characterization of aqueous alcohol solutions in bottles with THz reflection spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 16, 9318-9331 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. A. George, W. Hui, F. Rana, B. G. Hawkins, A. E. Smith, and B. J. Kirby, “Microfluidic devices for terahertz spectroscopy of biomolecules,” Opt. Express 16, 1577-1582 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. P. Mickan, R. Shvartsman, J. Munch, X.-C. Zhang, and D. Abbott, “Low noise laser-based T-ray spectroscopy of liquids using double-modulated differential time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Opt. B 6, S786-S795 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. C. Rønne, L. Thrane, P.-O. Astrand, A. Wallqvist, K. V. Mikkelsen, and S. R. Keiding, “Investigation of the temperature dependence of dielectric relaxation in liquid water by THz reflection spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 5319-5331 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. G. W. Chantry, J. W. Fleming, P. M. Smith, M. Cudby, and H. A. Willis, “Far-infrared and millimetre-wave absorption spectra of some low-loss polymers,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 10, 473-477 (1971). [CrossRef]
  21. A. Podzorov and G. Gallot, “Low-loss polymers for terahertz applications,” Appl. Opt. 47, 3254-3257 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y.-S. Jin, G.-J. Kim, and S.-G. Jeon, “Terahertz dielectric properties of polymers,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 49, 513-517(2006).
  23. A. Sengupta, A. Bandyopadhyay, B. Bowden, J. Harrington, and J. Federici, “Characterisation of olefin copolymers using terahertz spectroscopy,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1477-1479(2006). [CrossRef]
  24. B. M. Fischer, “Broadband THz time-domain spectroscopy of biomolecules: A comprehensive study of the dielectric properties of biomolecules in the far-infrared,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Freiburg, Germany, 2005).
  25. B. M. Fischer, M. Hoffmann, H. Helm, R. Wilk, F. Rutz, T. Kleine-Ostmann, M. Koch, and P. U. Jepsen, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy and imaging of artificial RNA,” Opt. Express 13, 5205-5215 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. “Dielectric properties of polymers,” Zeus Technical White Paper (Zeus, 2005).
  27. C. Sammon, C. Mura, J. Yarwood, N. Everall, R. Swart, and D. Hodge, “FTIR-ATR studies of the structure and dynamics of water molecules in polymeric matrices. a comparison of PET and PVC,” J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 3402-3411(1998). [CrossRef]
  28. “Standard test method for water absorption of plastics,” in Annual Book of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International, 1986), Vol. 8.01, pp. 532-533.
  29. L. Duvillaret, F. Garet, and J.-L. Coutaz, “Reliable method for extraction of material parameters in terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 739-746 (1996). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Gorenflo, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, “Dielectric properties of oil-water complexes using terahertz transmission spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494-498 (2006). [CrossRef]
  31. “Standard test method for water absorption of plastics,” ASTM D570 (ASTM International, 2005).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited