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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2009
  • pp: 2607–2612

Propagation of modulated light in water: implications for imaging and communications systems

Linda Mullen, Alan Laux, and Brandon Cochenour  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 14, pp. 2607-2612 (2009)

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Until recently, little has been done to study the effect of higher modulation frequencies ( > 100 MHz ) or short ( < 2 ns ) pulse durations on forward-scattered light in ocean water. This forward-scattered light limits image resolution and may ultimately limit the bandwidth of a point-to-point optical communications link. The purpose of this work is to study the propagation of modulated light fields at frequencies up to 1 GHz . Results from laboratory tank experiments and their impact on future underwater optical imaging and communications systems are discussed.

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication
(010.4455) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic propagation
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: March 30, 2009
Published: May 1, 2009

Linda Mullen, Alan Laux, and Brandon Cochenour, "Propagation of modulated light in water: implications for imaging and communications systems," Appl. Opt. 48, 2607-2612 (2009)

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