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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2009
  • pp: 4108–4117

Determination of the complex refractive indices of aerosol from aerodynamic particle size spectrometer and integrating nephelometer measurements

Yong Han, Daren Lü, Ruizhong Rao, and Yingjian Wang  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 21, pp. 4108-4117 (2009)

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An approach is developed to retrieve the complex index of refraction by coupling two well known instruments: an aerodynamic particle size spectrometer (APS) probe for measuring aerosol size distributions and an integrating nephelometer for measuring total light scattering coefficients. The retrieval is realized by an iterative least squares minimization of the fractional error between the nephelometer-measured light scattering coefficients and those calculated from the APS-measured size distributions based on the Mie theory for spherical particles. High-resolution data collected during two field experiments conducted at two locations with distinct environments in China are analyzed. The results show that light scattering coefficients, aerosol size distributions, and refractive indices all vary substantially with time. Further examination of their dependence on relative humidity suggests that instead of being monotonic change with relative humidity, the refractive index often fluctuates when the relative humidity changes. This nonmonotonic variation of refractive index with relative index suggests concurrent change of relative humidity and other chemical compositions. Possible errors in the retrieval are also discussed.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1100) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosol detection
(010.1110) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosols
(120.5710) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Refraction
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects
(290.3030) Scattering : Index measurements
(290.5850) Scattering : Scattering, particles

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: November 6, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 21, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: June 21, 2009
Published: July 13, 2009

Yong Han, Daren Lü, Ruizhong Rao, and Yingjian Wang, "Determination of the complex refractive indices of aerosol from aerodynamic particle size spectrometer and integrating nephelometer measurements," Appl. Opt. 48, 4108-4117 (2009)

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