OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2009
  • pp: 4526–4535

Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses

Luca Poletto  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 23, pp. 4526-4535 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1221 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Time-delay-compensated grating monochromators for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet femtosecond pulses in a broad spectral region are designed by adopting both classical diffraction and the off-plane mount. The optical design requires six optical elements: four concave mirrors and two plane gratings. I compare here the two designs in terms of the tolerances in the alignment for time-delay compensation in the femtosecond time scale. The off-plane mount is demonstrated to be far superior to the classical diffraction mount.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(300.6540) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, ultraviolet
(320.0320) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: May 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 14, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 2009
Published: August 3, 2009

Luca Poletto, "Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses," Appl. Opt. 48, 4526-4535 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Jaeglè, Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation (Springer, 2006).
  2. R. Kienberger and F. Krausz, “Subfemtosecond XUV pulses: attosecond metrology and spectroscopy,” in Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications, F. X. Kärtner, ed. (Springer, 2004).
  3. Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967-2970(1997). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Schnürer, Ch. Spielmann, P. Wobrauschek, C. Streli, N. H. Burnett, C. Kan, K. Ferencz, R. Koppitsch, Z. Cheng, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Coherent 0.5 keV x-ray emission from helium driven by a sub-10 fs laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3236-3239 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414, 509-513 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature 421, 611-615 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga1, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319-322 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nature Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleinenberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2520-2522 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Time-compensated EUV and soft x-ray monochromator for ultrashort high order harmonic pulses,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3, 374-379 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6040-6049 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013-1016 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8577-8585 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Temporal characterization of a time-compensated monochromator for high-efficiency selection of XUV pulses generated by high-order harmonics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B44-B49 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Cash, “Echelle spectrographs at grazing incidence,” Appl. Opt. 21, 710-717 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Neviere, P. Vincent, and D. Maystre, “X-ray efficiencies of gratings,” Appl. Opt. 17, 843-845 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Neviere, D. Maystre, and W. R. Hunter, “On the use of classical and conical diffraction mountings for XUV gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1106-1113 (1978). [CrossRef]
  20. P. Vincent, M. Neviere, and D. Maystre, “X-ray gratings: the GMS mount,” Appl. Opt. 18, 1780-1783 (1979). [CrossRef]
  21. W. Werner, “X-ray efficiencies of blazed gratings in extreme off-plane mountings,” Appl. Opt. 16, 2078-2080(1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. W. Cash and R. Kohnert, “Very high x-ray efficiency from a blazed grating,” Appl. Opt. 21, 17-18 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. F. Seely, L. I. Goray, B. Kjornrattanawanich, J. M. Laming, G. E. Holland, K. A. Flanagan, R. K. Heilmann, C.-H. Chang, M. L. Schattenburg, and A. P. Rasmussen, “Efficiency of a grazing-incidence off-plane grating in the soft-x-ray region,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1680-1687 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. Werner and H. Visser, “X-ray monochromator designs based on extreme off-plane grating mountings,” Appl. Opt. 20, 487-492 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Express 16, 6652-6667 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited