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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 2009
  • pp: 5164–5175

Optical waveguide grating couplers: 2nd-order and 4th-order finite-difference time-domain analysis

Aristeides D. Papadopoulos and Elias N. Glytsis  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 27, pp. 5164-5175 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.005164


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Abstract

Output optical waveguide grating couplers are rigorously analyzed using the 2-order and the 4-order finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method in conjunction with the total field/scattered field (TF-SF) approach and special averaging and regularization techniques for the mitigation of permittivity discontinuities. Volume-holographic and surface-relief grating couplers are analyzed for both TE and TM polarizations. The 2- and 4-order FDTD results are compared in terms of computational efficiency and accuracy. In addition, the FDTD results are compared to the approximate ones obtained by the rigorous coupled-wave analysis in conjunction with the leaky modes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: March 16, 2009
Revised Manuscript: June 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 13, 2009
Published: September 11, 2009

Citation
Aristeides D. Papadopoulos and Elias N. Glytsis, "Optical waveguide grating couplers: 2nd-order and 4th-order finite-difference time-domain analysis," Appl. Opt. 48, 5164-5175 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-27-5164

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