OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 2009
  • pp: 5764–5773

Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager

Arnaud Bénière, Mehdi Alouini, François Goudail, and Daniel Dolfi  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 30, pp. 5764-5773 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (933 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a degree of polarization imaging system based on a Wollaston prism and a single CCD camera. This architecture eliminates technical inaccuracies and noise sources that are present in experimental setups containing a polarization switching element. After the acquisition of two images corresponding to two orthogonal states of polarization, one can compute the orthogonal state contrast image (OSCI), which is an estimate of the local degree of polarization of the backscattered light when the observed materials are purely depolarizing. The instrument design coupled to an efficient calibration enables the estimation of the OSCI from a single image acquisition and significant reduction of technical noise present in other polarization imaging systems. The setup was tested in realistic conditions where it represents a real asset.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: April 3, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 13, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 24, 2009
Published: October 14, 2009

Arnaud Bénière, Mehdi Alouini, François Goudail, and Daniel Dolfi, "Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager," Appl. Opt. 48, 5764-5773 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Laude-Boulesteix, A. Nazac, G. L. Naour, C. Genestie, L. Schwartz, B. Drevillon, and A. D. Martino, “Polarized images of the cervix,” Proc. SPIE 5312, 243-246 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Bueno, J. Hunter, C. Cookson, M. Kisilak, and M. Campbell, “Improved scanning laser fundus imaging using polarimetry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 1337-1348 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Alouini, F. Goudail, P. Réfrégier, A. Grisard, E. Lallier, and D. Dolfi, “Multispectral polarimetric imaging with coherent illumination: towards higher image contrast,” Proc. SPIE 5432, 133-144 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Breugnot and P. Clémenceau, “Modeling and performances of a polarization active imager at λ=806 nm,” Opt. Eng. 39, 2681-2688 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Emile, F. Bretenaker, and A. L. Floch, “Rotating polarization imaging in turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1706-1708(1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Tyo, M. P. Rowe, E. N. Pugh, and N. Engheta, “Target detection in optical scattering media by polarization-difference imaging,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1855-1870 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Y. Schechner, S. G. Narasimhan, and S. K. Nayar, “Polarization-based vision through haze,” Appl. Opt. 42, 511-525(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Mujumdar and H. Ramachandran, “Imaging through turbid media using polarization modulation: dependence on scattering anisotropy,” Opt. Commun. 241, 1-9 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Goudail and P. Réfrégier, “Statistical techniques for target detection in polarization diversity images,” Opt. Lett. 26, 644-646 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. O. Matoba and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional polarimetric integral imaging,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2375-2377 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Laude-Boulesteix, A. De Martino, B. Drévillon, and L. Schwartz, “Mueller polarimetric imaging system with liquid crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43, 2824-2832 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Goudail, P. Terrier, Y. Takakura, L. Bigué, F. Galland, and V. Devlaminck, “Target detection with a liquid crystal-based passive Stokes polarimeter,” Appl. Opt. 43, 274-282 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Jaulin, L. Bigue, and P. Ambs, “Implementation of a high-speed imaging polarimeter using a liquid crystal ferroelectric modulator,” Proc. SPIE 6189, 618912 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, I. Baarstad, T. Løke, P. Kaspersen, and X. Normandin, “Active polarimetric and multispectral laboratory demonstrator: contrast enhancement for target detection,” Proc. SPIE 6396, 63960B (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Terrier and V. De Vlaminck, “Robust and accurate estimate of the orientation of partially polarized light from a camera sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5233-5239 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, and S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging with a handheld camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284-293 (2003).
  17. A. L. Weijers, H. van Brug, and H. J. Frankena, “Polarization phase stepping with a Savart element,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5150-5155 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. M. C. Simon, “Wollaston prism with large split angle,” Appl. Opt. 25, 369-376 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. D. Perrin, J. R. Graham, and J. P. Lloyd, “The IRCAL polarimeter: design, calibration, and data reduction for an adaptive optics imaging polarimeter,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 120, 555-570 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. A. R. Harvey, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. Gorman, K. Altenbach, J. Arlt, and N. D. Read, “Spectral imaging in a snapshot,” Proc. SPIE 5694, 110-119 (2005).
  21. S. Huard, Polarization of Light (Wiley, 1997).
  22. K. S. Kawabata, A. Okazaki, H. Akitaya, N. Hirakata, R. Hirata, Y. Ikeda, M. Kondoh, S. Masuda, and M. Seki, “A new spectropolarimeter at the Dodaira Observatory,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 111, 898-908 (1999). [CrossRef]
  23. S. M. Kay, Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing--Volume I: Estimation Theory (Prentice-Hall, 1993).
  24. A. Bénière, F. Goudail, M. Alouini, and D. Dolfi, “Estimation precision of degree of polarization in the presence of signal-dependent and additive Poisson noises,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Publ. 3, 08002 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. A. Bénière, F. Goudail, M. Alouini, and D. Dolfi, “Degree of polarization estimation in the presence of nonuniform illumination and additive Gaussian noise,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 919-929 (2008). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Bénière, F. Goudail, M. Alouini, and D. Dolfi, “Minimization of the influence of passive-light contribution in active imaging of the degree of polarization,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2335-2337(2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Alouini, F. Goudail, A. Grisard, J. Bourderionnet, D. Dolfi, A. Bénière, I. Baarstad, T. Løke, P. Kaspersen, X. Normandin, and G. Berginc, “Near-infrared active polarimetric and multispectral laboratory demonstrator for target detection,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1610-1618 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. L. Le Hors, P. Hartemann, D. Dolfi, and S. Breugnot, “Phenomenological model of paints for multispectral polarimetric imaging,” Proc. SPIE 4370, 94-105 (2001). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Alouini, F. Goudail, N. Roux, L. Le Hors, P. Hartemann, S. Breugnot, and D. Dolfi, “Active spectro-polarimetric imaging: signature modeling, imaging demonstrator and target detection,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 129-139 (2008). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Sumrain and G. Giakos, “Sub pixel detection of polarimetric signatures of man-made targets,” in Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 2006 (IEEE, 2006), pp. 163-167. [CrossRef]
  31. A. Bénière, F. Goudail, M. Alouini, and D. Dolfi, “Precision of degree of polarization estimation in the presence of additive Gaussian detector noise,” Opt. Commun. 278, 264-269(2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited