The past decade has seen a significant growth in research targeted at space-based observatories for imaging exosolar planets. The challenge is in designing an imaging system for high contrast. Even with a perfect coronagraph that modifies the point spread function to achieve high contrast, wavefront sensing and control is needed to correct the errors in the optics and generate a “dark hole.” The high-contrast imaging laboratory at Princeton University is equipped with two Boston Micromachines Kilo-DMs. We review here an algorithm designed to achieve high contrast on both sides of the image plane while minimizing the stroke necessary from each deformable mirror (DM). This algorithm uses the first DM to correct for amplitude aberrations and uses the second DM to create a flat wavefront in the pupil plane. We then show the first results obtained at Princeton with this correction algorithm, and we demonstrate a symmetric dark hole in monochromatic light.
© 2009 Optical Society of America
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology
Original Manuscript: May 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 28, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 28, 2009
Published: November 5, 2009
Laurent Pueyo, Jason Kay, N. Jeremy Kasdin, Tyler Groff, Michael McElwain, Amir Give'on, and Ruslan Belikov, "Optimal dark hole generation via two deformable mirrors with stroke minimization," Appl. Opt. 48, 6296-6312 (2009)