OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2009
  • pp: 979–984

Optimum design of a hybrid erbium-doped fiber amplifier/fiber Raman amplifier using particle swarm optimization

Alireza Mowla and Nosrat Granpayeh  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 5, pp. 979-984 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.48.000979


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (517 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose and optimize a hybrid erbium-doped fiber amplifier/fiber Raman amplifier (EDFA/FRA). A large number of parameters of a wide-band hybrid amplifier consisting of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) and a fiber Raman amplifier (FRA) have been optimized using an effective and fast global optimization method called particle swarm optimization. Two types of hybrid EDFA/FRA with six- and 10-pumped FRAs have been optimized. A large number of variables affect the hybrid EDFA/FRA performance, thus we need a global optimization method to be able to deal with these variables. Particle swarm optimization helps us to find optimum parameters of a hybrid EDFA/FRA and reduce the gain spectrum variations to 2.91 and 2.03 dB for the six and 10 pumped FRAs, respectively. The optimum design supports the amplification of 60 signal channels in the wavelength range of 1529.2 1627.1 nm for a wavelength-division multiplexing system.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: October 27, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: January 2, 2009
Published: February 4, 2009

Citation
Alireza Mowla and Nosrat Granpayeh, "Optimum design of a hybrid erbium-doped fiber amplifier/fiber Raman amplifier using particle swarm optimization," Appl. Opt. 48, 979-984 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-5-979


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. H. Ahmed, M. Shalaby, and F. M. Misk, “Combined erbium and Raman amplification at 1.55 ?m in submarine links using backward pumping at 1.48 ?m,” Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 659-666(1998). [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. A. Castanon, I. O. Nasieva, S. K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier, and E. Pincemin, “Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification,” Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. M. N. Islam, Raman Amplifiers for Telecommunications I & II (Springer, 2004).
  4. H. Masuda and S. Kawai, “Wide-band and gain-flattened hybrid fiber amplifier consisting of an EDFA and a multiwavelength pumped Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 647-649 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Carena, V. Curri, and P. Poggiolini, “On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170-1172 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Li, C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Wen, C. Lu, Y. Wang, and J. Chen, “Optimization of Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier based on dual-order stimulated Raman scattering using a single-pump,” Opt. Commun. 265, 655-658 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Mowla and N. Granpayeh, “A novel design approach for erbium-doped fiber amplifiers by particle swarm optimization,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 3, 103-118 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Mowla and N. Granpayeh, “Design of a flat gain multi-pumped distributed fiber Raman amplifier by particle swarm optimization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 253059-3066(2008).
  9. C. Cheng, Z. Xu, and C. Sui, “A novel design method: A genetic algorithm applied to an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun. 227, 371-382 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. X. Liu and Y. Li, “Optimizing the bandwidth and noise performance of distributed multi-pump Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 230, 425-431 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. C. R Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 271-283 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Liu and B. Lee, “A fast and stable method for Raman amplifier propagation equations,” Opt. Express 11, 2163-2176(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. X. Liu and B. Lee, “Effective shooting algorithm and its application to fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 11, 1452-1461(2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Headley and G. P. Agrawal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems (Elsevier, 2005), pp. 33-163.
  16. W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234-250 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. R. C. Eberhart and J. Kennedy, “A new optimizer using particle swarm theory,” in Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science (IEEE, 1995), pp. 39-43 [CrossRef]
  18. J. Kennedy and R. C. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks (IEEE, 1995), pp. 1942-1948.
  19. A. P. Engelbrecht, Fundamentals of Computational Swarm Intelligence (Wiley, 2005), Chap. 16.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited