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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 48, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2009
  • pp: 1583–1590

Optimization of sideband modulation in optical-heterodyne-downmixed electro-optic sensing

Dong-Joon Lee and John F. Whitaker  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 48, Issue 8, pp. 1583-1590 (2009)

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Enhancements of the modulation depth in an electro-optic sensing application, through optimization of the modulation sidebands in both an electro-optic modulator and a microcavity electro-optic probe, have been investigated. The principles and methods of optimizing the operational bias points for the devices are described from the point of view of both an electro-optic modulator and probe, and their different optimum characteristics for signal-modulation depth, due to their huge scale gap, are presented. We use an optical-heterodyne receiver employing a fast modulator along with the electro-optic sensing technique to achieve high-frequency microwave electric field mapping. The practical limitations to sensitivity enhancement, solutions for compensating distortion, and combined optimization conditions for both electro-optic modulation and sensing are presented by exploring the evolution of field-mapping distributions.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing and Sensors

Original Manuscript: November 24, 2008
Revised Manuscript: February 6, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 9, 2009
Published: March 6, 2009

Dong-Joon Lee and John F. Whitaker, "Optimization of sideband modulation in optical-heterodyne-downmixed electro-optic sensing," Appl. Opt. 48, 1583-1590 (2009)

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  1. K. Yang, T. Marshall, M. Forman, J. Hubert, L. Mirth, Z. Popovic, L. P. B. Katehi, and J. F. Whitaker, “Active-amplifier-array diagnostics using high-resolution electrooptic field mapping,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 849-857 (2001). [CrossRef]
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  10. D. J. Lee, J. J. Kang, C. C. Chen, and J. F. Whitaker, “Vector near-field measurement system using an electro-optic microcavity and electrical downconversion,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1589-1592.
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