OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2010
  • pp: 37–49

Acetone laser-induced fluorescence behavior for the simultaneous quantification of temperature and residual gas distribution in fired spark-ignition engines

Micha Löffler, Frank Beyrau, and Alfred Leipertz  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 1, pp. 37-49 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1513 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Although the fluorescence behavior of acetone has already been examined widely, the amount of data is still not sufficient for the quantification of signals over the parameter field relevant for combustion engines. This leads to large uncertainties when new excitation wavelengths are applied or in cases where temperature and pressure and bath gas composition dependences of the fluorescence yield must be extrapolated from models. This work presents calibration results of the fluorescence signal intensities in nitrogen, air, and an exhaust-gas–air mixture in the wide range from 298 to 748 K and from 0.2 bar ( 0.02 MPa ) to 20 bars for the two important excitation wavelengths 308 and 248 nm . Based on this data, measurements of temperature and exhaust gas concentrations in a fired spark ignition engine were performed with high accuracy in single-shot images also.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1740) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Combustion diagnostics
(120.6780) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Temperature

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

Original Manuscript: August 12, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 29, 2009
Published: December 21, 2009

Micha Löffler, Frank Beyrau, and Alfred Leipertz, "Acetone laser-induced fluorescence behavior for the simultaneous quantification of temperature and residual gas distribution in fired spark-ignition engines," Appl. Opt. 49, 37-49 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. C. Weikl, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, “Simultaneous temperature and exhaust-gas recirculation-measurements in a homogeneous charge-compression ignition engine by use of pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3646-3651 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D.N.Assanis, P.M.Najt, J.E.Dec, J.A.Eng, T.N.Asmus, and F.Zhao, eds., Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines: Key Research and Development Issues, SP-2005 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2006).
  3. N. Fraser, H. Blaxill, G. Lumsden, and M. Bassett, “Challenges for increased efficiency through gasoline engine downsizing,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2009-01-1053 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2009).
  4. P. Leduc, B. Dubar, A. Ranini, and G. Monnier, “Downsizing of gasoline engine: an efficient way to reduce CO2 emissions,” Oil Gas Sci. Technol. 58, 115-127 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. M. C. Drake and D. C. Haworth, “Advanced gasoline engine development using optical diagnostics and numerical modeling,” Proc. Combust. Inst. 31, 99-124 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. Combustion Engines and Hybrid Vehicles--IMechE Conference, Imeche Event Publications (Wiley, 1998), p. 322.
  7. J. Reboux and D. Puechberty, “A new approach of planar laser induced fluorescence applied to fuel/air ratio measurement in the compression stroke of an optical SI engine,” SAE Technical Paper Series 941988 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 1994).
  8. N. Wermuth and V. Sick, “Absorption and fluorescence data of acetone, 3-pentanone, biacetyl, and toluene at engine-specific combinations of temperature and pressure,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2005-02-2090 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2005).
  9. M. Luong, W. Koban, and C. Schulz, “Novel strategies for imaging temperature distribution using toluene LIF,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 45, 133-139 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Koban, J. D. Koch, R. K. Hanson, and C. Schulz, “Oxygen quenching of toluene fluorescence at elevated temperatures,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 777-784 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. A. P. Fröba, F. Rabenstein, K.-U. Münch, and A. Leipertz, “Mixture of triehtylamine (TEA) and benzene as a new seeding material for the quantitative two-dimensional laser-induced exciplex fluorescence imaging of vapor and liquid fuel inside SI engines,” Combust. Flame 112, 199-209(1998). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Einecke, C. Schulz, V. Sick, A. Dreizler, R. Schießl, and U. Maas, “Two-dimensional temperature measurements in an SI engine using two-line tracer LIF,” SAE Technical Paper Series 98246 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 1998).
  13. M. C. Thurber, F. Grisch, and R. K. Hanson, “Temperature imaging with single- and dual-wavelength acetone planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Opt. Lett. 22, 251-253 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Koban, “Photophysical characterization of toluene and 3-pentanone for quantitative imaging of fuel/air ratio and temperature in combustion systems,” Doctoral thesis (Ruperto-Carola University, 2005).
  15. F. Grossmann, P. B. Monkhouse, M. Ridder, V. Sick, and J. Wolfrum, “Temperature and pressure dependences of the laser-induced fluorescence of gas-phase acetone and 3-pentanone,” Appl. Phys. B 62, 249-253 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. M. C. Thurber, “Acetone laser-induced fluorescence for temperature and multiparameter imaging in gaseous flows,” Ph.D. thesis (Stanford University, 1999).
  17. A. Braeuer, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, “Laser-induced fluorescence of ketones at elevated temperatures for pressures up to 20 bars by using a 248 nm excitation laser wavelength: experiments and model improvements,” Appl. Opt. 45, 4982-4989 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. Modica, C. Morin, and P. Guibert, “3-Pentanone LIF at elevated temperatures and pressures: measurements and modeling,” Appl. Phys. B 87, 193-204 (2007). [CrossRef]
  19. F. Ossler and M. Aldén, “Measurements of picosecond laser induced fluorescence from gas phase 3-pentanone an acetone: implications to combustion diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 493-502 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. J. D. Koch, “Fuel tracer photophysics for quantitative planar laser-induced fluorescence,” Ph.D. thesis (Stanford University, 2005).
  21. T. Fujikawa, K. Fukui, Y. Hattori, and K. Akihama, “-D temperature measurements of unburned gas mixture in an engine by two-line excitation LIF technique,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2006-01-3336 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2006).
  22. D. A. Rothamer, J. A. Snyder, R. K. Hanson, and R. R. Steeper, “Two-wavelength PLIF diagnostic for temperature and composition,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2008-01-1067 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2008).
  23. M. C. Thurber, F. Grisch, B. J. Kirby, M. Votsmeier, and R. K. Hanson, “Measurements and modeling of acetone laser-induced fluorescence with implications for temperature-imaging diagnostics,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4963-4978 (1998). [CrossRef]
  24. D. A. Rothamer, “Development and application of infrared and tracer-based planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging diagnostics,” Ph.D. dissertation (Stanford University, 2007).
  25. C. Schulz and V. Sick, “Tracer-LIF diagnostics: quantitative measurement of fuel concentration, temperature and fuel/air ratio in practical combustion systems,” Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 31, 75-121 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Löffler, K. Kröckel, P. Koch, F. Beyrau, A. Leipertz, S. Grasreiner, and A. Heinisch, “Simultaneous quantitative measurements of temperature and residual gas fields inside a fired SI-engine using acetone laser-induced fluorescence,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2009-01-0656 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2009).
  27. S. Pfadler, F. Beyrau, M. Löffler, and A. Leipertz, “Application of a beam homogenizer to planar laser diagnostics,” Opt. Express 14, 10171-10180 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. P. Sulzer and K. Wieland, “Intensitätsverteilung eines kontinuierlichen Absorptionsspektrums in Abhängigkeit von Temperatur und Wellenzahl,” Helv. Phys. Acta 25, 653-676 (1952).
  29. M. Löffler, A. Braeuer, B. Melcher, F. Beyrau, and A. Leipertz, “Behavior of the acetone laser-induced fluorescence under engine relevant conditions for the simultaneous visualization of temperature and concentration fields,” SAE Technical Paper Series 2007-01-0642 (SAE Society of Automotive Engineers, 2007).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited