OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 2010
  • pp: 1923–1931

Channel model for InSb-based superresolution optical disc system

Dietmar Hepper and Stephan Knappmann  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 10, pp. 1923-1931 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1632 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A signal model of a superresolution optical channel would be an efficient tool for developing components of an associated high-density optical disc system. While the behavior of the laser diode, aperture, lens, and detector is properly described, a general mathematical model of the superresolution disc itself is not yet available. However, different approaches have been made to describe the properties of a mask layer, mainly based on temperature- or power-dependent nonlinear effects [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. The main problem of the modeling is that temperature-dependent material properties, such as thermal conductivity and refractive indices, are not known or not accurate enough to allow quantitative predictions. Therefore, it could be useful to define a signal-based or phenomenological model that can be calibrated with experimental data. In this contribution, we developed a complete optical channel model—from non-return-to-zero inverted (NRZI) input to disc readout signal—including the reflectivity of a superresolution disc with InSb used for the mask layer. Model parameters are derived from data measured using a static tester. The model is finally applied to a configuration appropriate for a dynamic superresolution optical drive by moving the focused spot relative to the material.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2900) Materials : Optical storage materials
(210.0210) Optical data storage : Optical data storage
(210.4590) Optical data storage : Optical disks
(210.4810) Optical data storage : Optical storage-recording materials
(220.4830) Optical design and fabrication : Systems design
(350.5340) Other areas of optics : Photothermal effects

ToC Category:
Optical Data Storage

Original Manuscript: November 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 6, 2010
Published: March 26, 2010

Dietmar Hepper and Stephan Knappmann, "Channel model for InSb-based superresolution optical disc system," Appl. Opt. 49, 1923-1931 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. G. Bouwhuis and H. M. Spruit, “Optical storage read-out of nonlinear disks,” Appl. Opt. 29, 3766-3768 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Yasuda, M. Ono, K. Aratani, A. Fukumoto, and M. Kaneko, “Premastered optical disk by superresolution,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 32, 5210-5213 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. J.-R. Liu, P.-Y. Liu, N.-Y. Tang, and H.-P. D. Shieh, “Pulse-read on erasable thermal phase-change superresolution disks,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8187-8194 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Tominaga, T. Shima, M. Kuwahara, T. Fukaya, A. Kolobov, and T. Nakano, “Ferroelectric catastrophe: beyond nanometre-scale optical resolution,” Nanotech. 15, 411-415 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Pichon, R. Anciant, J.-M. Bruneau, B. Hyot, S. Gidon, M.-F. Armand, and L. Poupinet, “Multiphysics simulation of super-resolution BD ROM optical disk readout,” Proc. SPIE 6282, 628219 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Hyot, X. Biquard, and F. Laulagnet, “Super-resolution ROM disc with a semi-conductive InSb active layer,” in Proceedings of E*PCOS07 European Symposium Phase Change and Ovonic Sciences (Zermatt, Switzerland, 1-4 September 2007), http://www.epcos.org/library/papers/pdf_2007/paper06_BerangereHyot.pdf.
  7. B. Hyot, S. Gidon, M.-F. Armand, L. Poupinet, J. Pichon, R. Anciant, J.-M. Bruneau, G. Pilard, and H. Richter, “Phase change materials and superrens,” in Proceedings of E*PCOS05 European Symposium Phase Change and Ovonic Sciences (King's College Cambridge, University of Cambridge, England, 3-6 September 2005), http://www.epcos.org/library/papers/pdf_2005/Poupinet.pdf.
  8. D. Hepper, H. Richter, S. Knappmann, R. Eyberg, J. Knittel, M. Frerichs, A. Franke, C. Gahn, B. Hyot, J.-M. Bruneau, A. Lell, M. Behringer, M. Först, K. Wolter, M. Wuttig, and W. Semar, “4GOOD--technology and prototype for a 4th-generation omni-purpose optical disc system,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers International Conference on Consumer Electronics, ICCE'08 (IEEE, 2008), paper 2.3-4, pp. 57-58.
  9. D. Hepper, X.-M. Chen, S. Knappmann, G. Pilard, H. Richter, O. Theis, and M. Wuttig, “Increasing the storage density for a 4th-generation optical disc,” in Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers International Conference on Consumer Electronics, ICCE'09 (IEEE, 2009), paper 1.3-3. [PubMed]
  10. 4GOOD project Web site: http://www.4goodtechnology.org.
  11. SURPASS project Web site: http://www.fp7-surpass.org.
  12. Y. Li, “Degeneracy in the Fraunhofer diffraction of truncated Gaussian beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1237-1242 (1987). [CrossRef]
  13. K. Cai, “Design and analysis of parity-check-code-based optical recording systems,” Ph.D. thesis (Technical University of Eindhoven/National University of Singapore, 2007).
  14. H. Pozidis, J. W. M. Bergmans, and W. M. J. Coene, “Modeling and compensation of asymmetry in optical recording,” IEEE Trans. on Commun. 50, 2052-2063 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Pichon, M.-F. Armand, F. Laulagnet, and B. Hyot, “Thermo optical origins of the super-resolution effect. real-time characterization of the huge and reversible optical nonlinearity of InSb,” in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Optical Memory 2007 (ISOM, 2007), paper Mo-B-06.
  16. B. Hyot, X. Biquard, and F. Laulagnet, “Influence of the crystalline microstructure of the InSb active layer in a super-resolution ROM disk,” in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Optical Memory 2007 (ISOM, 2007), paper We-I-06.
  17. A. Marchewka, C. Ripperda, K. Wolter, M. Först, and H. Kurz, “Analytik der Maskierungsschicht in wiederbeschreibbaren SuperRENS-Datenspeichern (Analytics of the mask layer in re-writable SuperRENS disc memories),” final report (in German) (RWTH Aachen, 2008). [This is their final report toward the funding authority under the funded project 4GOOD. The report is publicly available at the TIB (Technical Information Library) Hannover, which is associated with the University of Hannover, Germany.]
  18. J. Pichon, “Enregistrement optique haute densité: etude physique et physico-chimique du phénomène de super-resolution (High-density optical storage: physical and physical-chemical study on the phenomenon of super-resolution),” Ph.D. thesis (in French) (Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble, 2008).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited