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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 13 — May. 1, 2010
  • pp: 2441–2445

Ultralow loss single-mode silica tapers manufactured by a microheater

Lu Ding, Cherif Belacel, Sara Ducci, Giuseppe Leo, and Ivan Favero  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 13, pp. 2441-2445 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.002441


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Abstract

Using a ceramic thermoelectric heater, we show highly reproducible fabrication of single-mode sub wavelength silica tapers with an ultralow loss level. The reproducibility of the process is studied statistically, leading to an average taper transmission of 94%. The best tapers have a transmission superior to 99%, above the level commonly reached by other fabrication methods. The taper profile is inspected along its length and closely follows the exponential profile predicted by the model of Birks and Li. This high degree of control over the taper shape allows a detailed analysis of the transition to the single-mode regime during tapering. As an application of this fabrication method, we present a microlooped taper probe for evanescent coupling experiments requiring fine spatial selectivity.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 21, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 24, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 31, 2010
Published: April 23, 2010

Citation
Lu Ding, Cherif Belacel, Sara Ducci, Giuseppe Leo, and Ivan Favero, "Ultralow loss single-mode silica tapers manufactured by a microheater," Appl. Opt. 49, 2441-2445 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-13-2441


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