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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2010
  • pp: 2639–2643

High pressure sensor based on photonic crystal fiber for downhole application

H. Y. Fu, Chuang Wu, M. L. V. Tse, Lin Zhang, Kei-Chun Davis Cheng, H. Y. Tam, Bai-Ou Guan, and C. Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 14, pp. 2639-2643 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.002639


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Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization-maintaining (PM) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) based Sagnac interfero meter for downhole high pressure sensing application. The PM PCF serves as a direct pressure sensing probe. The sensor is transducer free and thus fundamentally enhances its long-term sensing stability. In addition, the PM PCF can be coiled into a small diameter to fulfill the compact size requirement of downhole application. A theoretical study of its loss and birefringence changes with different coiling diameters has been carried out. This bend-insensitive property of the fiber provides ease for sensor design and benefits practical application. The pressure sensitivities of the proposed sensor are 4.21 and 3.24 nm / MPa at 1320 and 1550 nm , respectively. High pressure measurement up to 20 MPa was achieved with our experiment. It shows both good linearity in response to applied pressure and good repeatability within the entire measurement range. The proposed pressure sensor exhibits low temperature cross sensitivity and high temperature sustainability. It functions well without any measurable degradation effects on sensitivity or linearity at a temperature as high as 293 ° C . These characteristics make it a potentially ideal candidate for downhole pressure sensing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2420) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, polarization-maintaining
(120.5790) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Sagnac effect
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers
(280.5475) Remote sensing and sensors : Pressure measurement

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 25, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 11, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 14, 2010
Published: May 4, 2010

Citation
H. Y. Fu, Chuang Wu, M. L. V. Tse, Lin Zhang, Kei-Chun Davis Cheng, H. Y. Tam, Bai-Ou Guan, and C. Lu, "High pressure sensor based on photonic crystal fiber for downhole application," Appl. Opt. 49, 2639-2643 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-14-2639


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