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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 16 — Jun. 1, 2010
  • pp: 2969–2978

Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings

Jianpeng Wang, Yunxia Jin, Jianyong Ma, Tianyu Sun, and Xufeng Jing  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 16, pp. 2969-2978 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.002969


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Abstract

We report on two effective methods, multiparameter optimization and local optimization combined with the diffraction bandwidth merit function, to design a broadband pulse compression grating (PCG), and we present broadband, high-efficiency PCGs based on both the multilayer dielectric grating (MDG) and metal-multilayer dielectric grating (MMDG) models. For MDG, the average diffraction efficiency is higher than 97.5% for TE polarization light over the 100 nm bandwidth centered at 800 nm . Moreover, a novel multilayer structure, which comprises higher index material in the high- reflectivity mirror and relatively lower index material on top, is first proposed to yield higher average efficiency, broader bandwidth, and excellent fabrication tolerance. For MMDG, it exhibits an ultra broadband top-hat diffraction spectrum with average efficiency exceeding 97% over the 200 nm wavelength wide centered at 1053 nm . In addition, the MMDG structure, which has the best tolerance for grating fabrication, is determined by investigating characteristics of MMDGs with different thin-film structures.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(140.7090) Lasers and laser optics : Ultrafast lasers
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: February 5, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 20, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 22, 2010
Published: May 20, 2010

Citation
Jianpeng Wang, Yunxia Jin, Jianyong Ma, Tianyu Sun, and Xufeng Jing, "Design and analysis of broadband high-efficiency pulse compression gratings," Appl. Opt. 49, 2969-2978 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-16-2969


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