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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2010
  • pp: 3394–3402

Accurate simulations of reflective wavelength spectrum of surface-bonded fiber Bragg grating

Chih-Chun Cheng, Yu-lung Lo, and Wen-Yuan Li  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 17, pp. 3394-3402 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.003394


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Abstract

For a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) surface-bonded to a substrate subjected to tension, the FBG reflective wavelength spectrum measured using an optical spectrum analyzer is different in either the location of the center wavelength or the spectral shape from that calculated using the transfer matrix (T-matrix) method. We show that the difference in the two wavelength spectra is caused by the adhesive layer used to bond the FBG to the substrate and a birefringence effect within the strained FBG. In the former case, the adhesive reduces the strain transferred from the substrate to the FBG and, therefore, causes the T-matrix method to overestimate the shift in the center wavelength. In the latter case, a birefringence effect is induced within the FBG because only the lower part of the FBG is bonded to the stressed substrate. As a result, both the peak power and the full width at half-maximum of the experimental spectrum differ from that predicted by the T-matrix method, in which the effects of birefringence are ignored. However, it is shown that when the strain transmission loss and birefringence effect are compensated using a strain transmission correction factor and a modified T-matrix formulation based on a discretized value of the refractive index, respectively, a good agreement is obtained between the calculated spectrum and that measured experimentally.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings
(060.3738) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings, photosensitivity

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: January 26, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 10, 2010
Published: June 9, 2010

Citation
Chih-Chun Cheng, Yu-lung Lo, and Wen-Yuan Li, "Accurate simulations of reflective wavelength spectrum of surface-bonded fiber Bragg grating," Appl. Opt. 49, 3394-3402 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-17-3394

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