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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 20 — Jul. 10, 2010
  • pp: 3900–3904

Polarization-independent tunable optical filters using bilayer polarization gratings

Elena Nicolescu and Michael J. Escuti  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 20, pp. 3900-3904 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.003900


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Abstract

We demonstrate a polarization-independent tunable optical filter based on switchable polarization gratings (PGs) formed using reactive and nonreactive liquid crystals (LCs). PGs are anisotropic diffraction gratings that exhibit unique properties, including a zero-order transmittance that is independent of incident polarization and that can vary from 0 % to 100 % , depending on wavelength and applied voltage. A stack of several PGs of varying thicknesses combined with an elemental angle filter yields polarization-independent bandpass tuning with minimal loss. We introduce a novel hybrid PG consisting of both reactive and nonreactive LC layers, which allows very thick gratings to be created with thin active LC layers. We demonstrate a tunable optical filter with a peak transmittance of 84% of unpolarized light, a minimum full width at half-maximum of 64 nm , and a maximum tuning range of 140 nm .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2440) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Filters
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: January 28, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 11, 2010
Published: July 6, 2010

Citation
Elena Nicolescu and Michael J. Escuti, "Polarization-independent tunable optical filters using bilayer polarization gratings," Appl. Opt. 49, 3900-3904 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-20-3900

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