OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2010
  • pp: 4237–4245

Nonsequential modeling of laser diode stacks using Zemax: simulation, optimization, and experimental validation

Nicola Coluccelli  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 22, pp. 4237-4245 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1687 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Modeling a real laser diode stack based on Zemax ray tracing software that operates in a nonsequential mode is reported. The implementation of the model is presented together with the geometric and optical parameters to be adjusted to calibrate the model and to match the simulated intensity irradiance profiles with the experimental profiles. The calibration of the model is based on a near-field and a far-field measurement. The validation of the model has been accomplished by comparing the simulated and experimental transverse irradiance profiles at different positions along the caustic formed by a lens. Spot sizes and waist location are predicted with a maximum error below 6%.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(080.2740) Geometric optics : Geometric optical design
(140.2010) Lasers and laser optics : Diode laser arrays

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 1, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 28, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 25, 2010
Published: July 26, 2010

Nicola Coluccelli, "Nonsequential modeling of laser diode stacks using Zemax: simulation, optimization, and experimental validation," Appl. Opt. 49, 4237-4245 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H.-G. Treusch, A. Ovtchinnikov, X. He, M. Kanskar, J. Mott, and S. Yang, “High-brightness semiconductor laser sources for materials processing: stacking, beam shaping, and bars,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 601–614 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Geng, Z. Tong, T. Ning, and S. Jian, “Anamorphic beam concentrator for linear laser-diode bar,” Opt. Express 15, 17038–17043 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. J. Koshel and I. A. Walmsley, “Modeling of the gain distribution for diode pumping of a solid-state laser rod with nonimaging optics,” Appl. Opt. 32, 1517–1527 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. D. Jackson and J. A. Piper, “Theoretical modeling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser with a solid nonfocusing pump light collector,” Appl. Opt. 33, 2273–2283 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Fan, L. Chu, W. Chun-can, and J. Shui-sheng, “Beam concentration and homogenization for high power laser diode bar,” Opt. Commun. 281, 4406–4410 (2008). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Mi, S. L. Yao, Q. Li, and F. Gao1, “Shaping semiconductor laser beam with one-dimension gradient-index lens,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 48, 785–789 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. G. R. Hadley, A. Owyoung, P. Esherick, and J. P. Hohimer, “Numerical simulation and experimental studies of longitudinally excited miniature solid-state lasers,” Appl. Opt. 27, 819–827(1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Fu, G. Wang, Z. Wang, E. Ba, G. Mu, and X. Hu “Design of efficient lens ducts,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4000–4003 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. Quantel Laser Diodes Data Sheet, “Conduction-cooled QCW Stacked Array,” (listing date 07/2009), http://www.quantel-diodes.com/media/produit/fichier/20_Dsmk8016_ed8_{QDQ1yzzABBSGK}.pdf, (downloaded 03/2010).
  10. Zemax User’s Guide (Zemax Development Corporation, 2007), pp. 369–370.
  11. A. Naqwi and F. Durst, “Focusing of diode laser beams: a simple mathematical model,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1780–1785 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. “Lasers and laser-related equipment test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios. Part 1: stigmatic and simple astigmatic beams,” ISO Document 11146-1:2005 (International Standards Organization, 2005).
  13. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996), Chaps. 4–5.
  14. A. E. Siegman, G. Nemes, and J. Serna, “How to (maybe) measure laser beam quality,” in Diode Pumped Solid State Lasers: Applications and Issues, M.Dowley, ed., Vol. 17 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper MQ1.
  15. D. Sands, Diode Lasers, Series in Optics and Optoelectronics(Taylor & Francis, 2004), Chap. 10. [CrossRef]
  16. Zemax User’s Guide (Zemax Development Corporation, 2007), Chaps. 12–14.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited