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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 25 — Sep. 1, 2010
  • pp: 4814–4824

Theory of point-spread function artifacts due to structured mid-spatial frequency surface errors

John M. Tamkin, William J. Dallas, and Tom D. Milster  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 25, pp. 4814-4824 (2010)

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Optical design and tolerancing of aspheric or free-form surfaces require attention to surface form, structured surface errors, and nonstructured errors. We describe structured surface error profiles and effects on the image point-spread function using harmonic (Fourier) decomposition. Surface errors over the beam footprint map onto the pupil, where multiple structured surface frequencies mix to create sum and difference diffraction orders in the image plane at each field point. Difference frequencies widen the central lobe of the point-spread function and summation frequencies create ghost images.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.1920) Optical design and fabrication : Diamond machining
(220.3620) Optical design and fabrication : Lens system design
(290.5838) Scattering : Scattering, in-field

ToC Category:
Optical Design and Fabrication

Original Manuscript: May 12, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 21, 2010
Published: August 31, 2010

John M. Tamkin, William J. Dallas, and Tom D. Milster, "Theory of point-spread function artifacts due to structured mid-spatial frequency surface errors," Appl. Opt. 49, 4814-4824 (2010)

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