OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2010
  • pp: 5665–5677

Coupling characterization and noise studies of the optical metrology system onboard the LISA Pathfinder mission

Gerald Hechenblaikner, Rüdiger Gerndt, Ulrich Johann, Peter Luetzow-Wentzky, Vinzenz Wand, Heather Audley, Karsten Danzmann, Antonio Garcia-Marin, Gerhard Heinzel, Miquel Nofrarias, and Frank Steier  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 29, pp. 5665-5677 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.005665


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (624 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe the first investigations of the complete engineering model of the optical metrology system (OMS), a key subsystem of the LISA Pathfinder science mission to space. The latter itself is a technological precursor mission to LISA, a spaceborne gravitational wave detector. At its core, the OMS consists of four heterodyne Mach–Zehnder interferometers, a highly stable laser with an external modulator, and a phase meter. It is designed to monitor and track the longitudinal motion and attitude of two floating test masses in the optical reference frame with (relative) precision in the picometer and nanorad range, respectively. We analyze sensor signal correlations and determine a physical sensor noise limit. The coupling parameters between motional degrees of freedom and interferometer signals are analytically derived and compared to measurements. We also measure adverse cross-coupling effects originating from system imperfections and limitations and describe algorithmic mitigation techniques to overcome some of them. Their impact on system performance is analyzed within the context of the Pathfinder mission.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing
(040.2840) Detectors : Heterodyne
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: June 11, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 20, 2010
Published: October 7, 2010

Citation
Gerald Hechenblaikner, Rüdiger Gerndt, Ulrich Johann, Peter Luetzow-Wentzky, Vinzenz Wand, Heather Audley, Karsten Danzmann, Antonio Garcia-Marin, Gerhard Heinzel, Miquel Nofrarias, and Frank Steier, "Coupling characterization and noise studies of the optical metrology system onboard the LISA Pathfinder mission," Appl. Opt. 49, 5665-5677 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-29-5665


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, M. Caldwell, K. Danzmann, F. Draaisma, A. Garcıa, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, U. Johann, C. Killow, K. Middleton, M. te Plate, D. Robertson, A. Rüdiger, R. Schilling, F. Steier, V. Wand, and H. Ward, “Successful testing of the LISA Technology Package (LTP) interferometer engineering model,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S149–S154(2005). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Heinzel, C. Braxmaier, R. Schilling, A. Rüdiger, D. Robertson, M. te Plate, V. Wand, K. Arai, U. Johann, and K. Danzmann, “Interferometry for the LISA technology package (LTP) aboard SMART-2,” Class. Quantum Grav. 20, S153–S161 (2003). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Armano, M. Benedetti, J. Bogenstahl, D. Bortoluzzi, P. Bosetti, N. Brandt, A. Cavalleri, G. Ciani, I. Cristofolini, A. M. Cruise, K. Danzmann, I. Diepholz, G. Dixon, R. Dolesi, J. Fauste, L. Ferraioli, D. Fertin, W. Fichter, M. Freschi, A. Garcia, C. Garcia, A. Grynagier, F. Guzmán, E. Fitzsimons, G. Heinzel, M. Hewitson, D. Hollington, J. Hough, M. Hueller, D. Hoyland, O. Jennrich, B. Johlander, C. Killow, A. Lobo, D. Mance, I. Mateos, P. W. McNamara, A. Monsky, D. Nicolini, D. Nicolodi, M. Nofrarias, M. Perreur-Lloyd, E. Plagnol, G. D. Racca, J. Ramos-Castro, D. Robertson, J. Sanjuan, M. O. Schulte, D. N. A. Shaul, M. Smit, L. Stagnaro, F. Steier, T. J. Sumner, N. Tateo, D. Tombolato, G. Vischer, S. Vitale, G. Wanner, H. Ward, S. Waschke, V. Wand, P. Wass, W. J. Weber, T. Ziegler, and P. Zweifel, “LISA Pathfinder: The experiment and the route to LISA,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094001(2009). [CrossRef]
  4. T. E. Bell, “Gravitational astronomy: Hearing the heavens,” Nature News 452, 18–21 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. W. Fichter, P. Gath, S. Vitale, and D. Bortoluzzi, “LISA Pathfinder drag-free control and system implications,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S139–S148 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. W. Fichter, A. Schleicher, S. Bennani, and S. Vitale, “Drag-free control design with cubic test masses,” in Lasers, Clocks and Drag-Free Control: Exploration of Relativistic Gravity in Space, Vol. 349 of Astrophysics and Space Science Library, H.Dittus, C.Lämmerzahl, S.G.Turyshev, eds. (Springer, 2008). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hirth, W. Fichter, N. Brandt, A. Schleicher, D. Gerardi, and G. Wanner, “Optical metrology alignment and impact on the measurement performance of the LISA Technology Package,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 154, 012003 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. V. Wand, J. Bogenstahl, C. Braxmaier, K. Danzmann, A. Garcıa, F. Guzman, G. Heinzel, J. Hough, O. Jennrich, C. Killow, D. Robertson, Z. Sodnik, F. Steier, and H. Ward, “Noise sources in the LTP heterodyne interferometer,” Class. Quantum Grav. 23, S159–S167 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Robertson, C. Killow, H. Ward, J. Hough, G. Heinzel, A. Garcia, V. Wand, U. Johann, and C. Braxmaier, “LTP interferometer—noise sources and performance,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S155–S163 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. are preparing a manuscript to be called “Control loop calibration and performance optimization of the optical metrology system onboard LISA pathfinder.” G. Hechenblaikner (EADS Astrium GmbH, Friedrichshafen, Germany), M. Kersten, V. Wand, K. DanzmannA. Garcia, G. Heinzel, and F. Steier, are preparing a manuscript to be called “Control loop calibration and performance optimization of the optical metrology system onboard LISA pathfinder.”
  11. C. M. Wu, S. T. Lin, and J. Fu, “Heterodyne interferometer with two spatially separated polarization beams for nanometrology,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1267–1276 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Steier, F. Guzman Cervantes, A. F. Garcıa Marın, D. Gerardi, G. Heinzel, and K. Danzmann, “The end-to-end testbed of the optical metrology system onboard LISA Pathfinder,” Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 094010 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. E. J. Elliffe, J. Bogenstahl, A. Deshpande, J. Hough, C. Killow, S. Reid, D. Robertson, S. Rowan, H. Ward, and G. Cagnoli, “Hydroxide-catalysis bonding for stable optical systems for space,” Class. Quantum Grav. 22, S257–S267(2005). [CrossRef]
  14. D. Hoyland, University of Birmingham, Technical Note TN-BIR-LI-3038 of the project LISA pathfinder.
  15. G. Hechenblaikner, “Measurement of the absolute wavefront curvature radius in a heterodyne interferometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2078–2083 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited