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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 2010
  • pp: G27–G36

Optimal noise-weighted reconstruction with elongated Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor images for laser tomography adaptive optics

Richard M. Clare, Miska Le Louarn, and Clementine Béchet  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 31, pp. G27-G36 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.000G27


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Abstract

The subaperture images in Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensors are elongated when using sodium laser guide stars, due to the parallax effect and the nonzero thickness of the sodium layer. This elon gation increases the measurement error in each subaperture and introduces a correlation between the measurements in the orthogonal x and y pixel axes. We show, via end-to-end numerical simulations, that including these errors in a matrix-vector-multiply maximum a posteriori reconstructor sig nificantly improves the expected performance of a laser tomography adaptive optics system for the 42 m diameter European Extremely Large Telescope. In particular, including this noise-weighted re construction shows the detected photon requirement is similar for both central and side launch of the sodium lasers.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(010.7350) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Wave-front sensing

ToC Category:
Wavefront Sensor Reconstruction

History
Original Manuscript: January 15, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 28, 2010
Published: June 16, 2010

Citation
Richard M. Clare, Miska Le Louarn, and Clementine Béchet, "Optimal noise-weighted reconstruction with elongated Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor images for laser tomography adaptive optics," Appl. Opt. 49, G27-G36 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-31-G27

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