OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2010
  • pp: 892–896

Field-induced guiding optical devices made from electro-optic polymers

Anna Pyayt, Jingdong Luo, Alex K.-Y. Jen, Larry Dalton, and Antao Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 5, pp. 892-896 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (418 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Field-induced guiding (FIG) has been known for several decades. Many advanced optical FIG devices (light modulators, splitters, scanners, etc.) were proposed, but due to high fabrication cost and/or high operation voltages they were considered impractical. For the first time to our knowledge we propose to use electro-optic (EO) polymers for the fabrication of FIG devices. This alleviates these limitations and makes this powerful device fabrication paradigm applicable in practice. We theoretically predict and experimentally demonstrate FIG in EO polymers. We also propose the idea of new class of devices— multifunctional optical devices that can completely change their functionality on the fly.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: October 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 16, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 12, 2010
Published: February 4, 2010

Anna Pyayt, Jingdong Luo, Alex K.-Y. Jen, Larry Dalton, and Antao Chen, "Field-induced guiding optical devices made from electro-optic polymers," Appl. Opt. 49, 892-896 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. J. Channin, “Voltage-induced optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 128-130 (1971). [CrossRef]
  2. N. A. F. Jaeger and L. Young, “Voltage-induced optical waveguide modulator in lithium niobate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 720-728 (1989). [CrossRef]
  3. T.-Ch. Huang, Y. Chung, L. A. Coldren, and N. Dagli, “Field-induced waveguides and their application to modulators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1131-1143 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. T. C. Huang, G. J. Simonis, and L. A. Coldren, “Directional coupler optical switch constructed from field-induced waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2288-2289 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. Ya. Kawakita, S. Shimotaya, D. Machida, and K. Shimomura, “Wavelength demultiplexing and optical deflection in variable refractive-index waveguide array based on selectively grown GaInAs/InP MQW structure,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E88-C, 1013-1019 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. T. C. Huang, Y. Chung, D. B. Young, N. Dagli, and L. A. Coldren, “A field induced guide-antiguide modulator on GaAs-AlGaAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 141-143 (1991). [CrossRef]
  7. L. R. Dalton, B. Robinson, A. Jen, P. Ried, B. Eichinger, P. Sullivan, A. Akelaitis, D. Bale, M. Haller, J. Luo, S. Liu, Y. Liao, K. Firestone, N. Bhatambrekar, S. Bhattacharjee, J. Sinness, S. Hammond, N. Buker, R. Snoeberger, M. Lingwood, H. Rommel, J. Amend, S.-H. Jang, A. Chen, and W. Steier, “Electro-optic coefficients of 500 pm/V and beyond for organic materials,” Proc. SPIE 5935, 1-12 (2005).
  8. J. Luo, S. Liu, M. A. Haller, J.-W. Kang, T.-D. Kim, S.-H. Jang, B. Chen, N. Tucker, H. Li, H.-Z. Tang, L. R. Dalton, Y. Liao, B. H. Robinson, and A. K. Jen, “Recent progress in developing highly efficient and thermally stable nonlinear optical polymers for electro-optics,” Proc. SPIE 5351, 36-43 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Enami, G. Meredith, N. Peyghambarian, and A. K.-Y. Jen, “Hybrid electro-optic polymer/sol-gel waveguide modulator fabricated by all-wet etching process,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4692-4694 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Chen, H. R. Fetterman, A. Chen, W. H. Steier, L. Dalton, W. Wang, and Y. Shi, “Demonstration of 110 GHz electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3335-3337 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited