OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 2010
  • pp: 1041–1053

Modeling of wave-induced irradiance fluctuations at near-surface depths in the ocean: a comparison with measurements

Yu You, Dariusz Stramski, Miroslaw Darecki, and George W. Kattawar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 6, pp. 1041-1053 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.49.001041


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1155 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We develop a computationally fast radiative transfer model for simulating the fluctuations of the underwater downwelling irradiance E d at near-surface depths, which occur due to focusing of sunlight by wind-driven surface waves. The model is based on the hybrid matrix operator–Monte Carlo method, which was specifically designed for simulating radiative transfer in a coupled atmosphere–surface–ocean system involving a dynamic ocean surface. In the current version of the model, we use a simplified description of surface waves, which accounts for surface slope statistics, but not surface wave elevation, as a direct source of underwater light fluctuations. We compare the model results with measurements made in the Santa Barbara Channel. The model-simulated and measured time series of E d ( t ) show remarkable similarity. Major features of the probability distribution of instantaneous irradiance, the frequency content of irradiance fluctuations, and the statistical properties of light flashes produced by wave focusing are also generally consistent between the model simulations and measurements for a few near-surface depths and light wavelengths examined. Despite the simplification in the representation of surface waves, this model provides a reasonable first-order approximation to modeling the wave focusing effects at near-surface depths, which require high temporal and spatial resolution (of the order of 1 ms and 1 mm , respectively) to be adequately resolved.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media
(010.5620) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Radiative transfer

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

History
Original Manuscript: October 29, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 6, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2010
Published: February 19, 2010

Citation
Yu You, Dariusz Stramski, Miroslaw Darecki, and George W. Kattawar, "Modeling of wave-induced irradiance fluctuations at near-surface depths in the ocean: a comparison with measurements," Appl. Opt. 49, 1041-1053 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-49-6-1041


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Dera and J. Olszewski, “Experimental study of short-period irradiance fluctuations under an undulated sea surface,” Oceanologia 10, 27-49 (1978).
  2. J. Dera and D. Stramski, “Maximum effects of sunlight focusing under a wind-disturbed sea surface,” Oceanologia 23, 15-42 (1986).
  3. J. Dera, R. Hapter, and B. Malewicz, “Fluctuation of light in the euphotic zone and its influence on primary production,” Merentutkimuslait. Julk./Havsforskningsinst. 239, 58-66(1975).
  4. B. Quéguiner and L. Legendre, “Phytoplankton photosynthetic adaptation to high-frequency light fluctuations simulating those induced by sea-surface waves,” Mar. Biol. 90, 483-491 (1986). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte Dunaliella tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115, 363-372 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Stramski, “The effect of daylight diffuseness on the focusing of sunlight by sea surface waves,” Oceanologia 24, 11-27(1986).
  7. D. Stramski, “Fluctuations of solar irradiance induced by surface waves in the Baltic,” Bull. Pol. Acad. Sci. Earth Sci. 34, 333-344 (1986).
  8. J. Dera, S. Sagan, and D. Stramski, “Focusing of sunlight by sea surface waves: new results from the Black Sea,” Oceanologia 34, 13-25 (1993).
  9. H. Schenck, “On the focusing of sunlight by ocean waves,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 653-657 (1957). [CrossRef]
  10. J. R. V. Zaneveld, E. Boss, and A. Barnard, “Influence of surface waves on measured and modeled irradiance profiles,” Appl. Opt. 40, 1442-1449 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. R. E. Walker, Marine Light Field Statistics (Wiley, 1994).
  12. R. L. Snyder and J. Dera, “Wave-induced light-field fluctuations in the sea,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1072-1079 (1970). [CrossRef]
  13. P.-W. Zhai, G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, “Impulse response solution to the three-dimensional vector radiative transfer equation in atmosphere-ocean systems. I. Monte Carlo method,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1037-1047 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P.-W. Zhai, G. W. Kattawar, and P. Yang, “Impulse response solution to the three-dimensional vector radiative transfer equation in atmosphere-ocean systems. II. The hybrid matrix operator-Monte Carlo method,” Appl. Opt. 47, 1063-1071(2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Deckert and K. J. Michael, “Lensing effect on underwater levels of UV radiation,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, C05014 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. G. N. Plass, G. W. Kattawar, and F. E. Catchings, “Matrix operator theory of radiative transfer. 1: Rayleigh scattering,” Appl. Opt. 12, 314-329 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. W. Kattawar, G. N. Plass, and F. E. Catchings, “Matrix operator theory of radiative transfer. 2: Scattering from maritime haze,” Appl. Opt. 12, 1071-1084 (1973). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Darecki, D. Stramski, and M. Sokólski, “An Underwater Porcupine Radiometer System for measuring high-frequency fluctuations in light field induced by sea surface waves,” poster paper presented at the Ocean Optics XIX Conference (2008).
  19. C. Cox and W. Munk, “Statistics of the sea surface derived from sun glitter,” J. Mar. Res. 13, 198-227 (1954).
  20. G. R. Fournier and J. L. Forand, “Analytic phase function for ocean water,” Proc. SPIE 194-201 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, “Light scattering in planetary atmospheres,” Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527-610 (1974). [CrossRef]
  22. M. St. Denis and W. J. Pierson, “On the motions of ships in confused seas,” Trans. Soc. Nav. Archit. Mar. Eng. 61, 280-357 (1953).
  23. W. J. Pierson and L. Moskowitz, “Proposed spectral form for fully developed wind seas based on similarity theory of S. A. Kitaigorodskii,” J. Geophys. Res. 69, 5181-5190 (1964). [CrossRef]
  24. P. A. Hwang and O. H. Shendin, 'The dependence of sea surface slope on atmospheric stability and swell conditions,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 13903-13912 (1988). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Stramski and L. Legendre, “Laboratory simulation of light focusing by water surface waves,” Mar. Biol. 114, 341-348(1992). [CrossRef]
  26. H. R. Gordon, J. S. Smith, and O. B. Brown, “Spectra of underwater light-field fluctuations in the photic zone,” Bull. Mar. Sci. 21, 466-470 (1971).
  27. P. Gernez and D. Antoine, “Field characterization of wave-induced underwater light field fluctuations,” J. Geophys. Res. 114, C06025 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited