OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Editor: Joseph N. Mait
  • Vol. 49, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2010
  • pp: 1459–1471

Dynamic recalibration of scalable fringe-projection systems for large-scale object metrology

Viktor Hovorov, Michael Lalor, David Burton, and Francis Lilley  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 49, Issue 8, pp. 1459-1471 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (571 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Three-dimensional (3D) surface shape measurement is a vital component in many industrial processes. The subject has developed significantly over recent years and a number of mainly noncontact techniques now exist for surface measurement, exhibiting varying levels of maturity. Within the larger group of 3D measurement techniques, one of the most promising approaches is provided by those methods that are based upon fringe analysis. Current techniques mainly focus on the measurement of small and medium-scale objects, while work on the measurement of larger objects is not so well developed. One potential solution for the measurement of large objects that has been proposed by various researchers is the concept of performing multipanel measurement and the system proposed here uses this basic approach, but in a flexible form of a single moveable sensor head that would be cost effective for measuring very large objects. Most practical surface measurement techniques require the inclusion of a calibration stage to ensure accurate measurements. In the case of fringe analysis techniques, phase-to-height calibration is required, which includes the use of phase-to-height models. Most existing models (both analytical and empirical) are intended to be used in a static measurement mode, which means that, typically, a single calibration is performed prior to multiple measurements being made using an unvarying system geometry. However, multipanel measurement strategies do not necessarily keep the measurement system geometry constant and thus require dynamic recalibration. To solve the problem of dynamic recalibration, we propose a class of models called hybrid models. These hybrid models inherit the basic form of analytical models, but their coefficients are obtained in an empirical manner. The paper also discusses issues associated with all phase-to-height models used in fringe analysis that have a quotient form, identifying points of uncertainty and regions of distortion as issues affecting accuracy in phase maps produced in this manner.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.2650) Image processing : Fringe analysis
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.2830) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Height measurements
(150.3040) Machine vision : Industrial inspection
(150.1488) Machine vision : Calibration

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: October 13, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 2, 2010
Published: March 9, 2010

Viktor Hovorov, Michael Lalor, David Burton, and Francis Lilley, "Dynamic recalibration of scalable fringe-projection systems for large-scale object metrology," Appl. Opt. 49, 1459-1471 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, “Fourier-transform of fringe pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156-160 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. X. Su and W. Chen, “Fourier transform profilometry: a review,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 35, 263-284 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Carré, “Installation et utilisation du comparateur photoélectrique et interférentiel du Bureau International des Poids et Mesures,” Metrologia 2, 13-23 (1966). [CrossRef]
  4. J. H. Bruning, D. R. Herriott, J. E. Gallagher, D. P. Rosenfeld, A. D. White, and D. J. Brangaccio, “Digital wave-front measuring interferometer for testing optical surfaces and lenses,” Appl. Opt. 13, 2693-2703 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. P. Stahl, “Review of phase-measuring interferometry,” Proc. SPIE 1332, 704-719 (1991). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Zhang, M. J. Lalor, and D. R. Burton, “Robust, accurate seven-sample phase-shifting algorithm insensitive to non-linear phase-shift error and second-harmonic distortion: a comparative study,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1524-1533 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. J. C. Wyant and J. Schmit, “Large field of view, high spatial resolution, surface measurements,” Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. 38, 691-698 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Asundi and W. Zhou, “Mapping algorithm for 360 degprofilometry with time delayed integration imaging,” Opt. Eng. 38, 339-344 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Reich, “Photogrammetrical matching of point clouds for 3D measurement of complex objects,” Proc. SPIE 3520, 100-110 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Schreiber and G. Notni, “Theory and arrangements of self-calibrating whole-body three-dimensional measurement systems using fringe projection technique,” Opt. Eng. 39, 159-169 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. B. A. Rajoub, D. R. Burton, and M. J. Lalor, “A new phase-to-height model for measuring object shape using collimated projections of structured light,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S368-S375 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. B. A. Rajoub, D. R. Burton, M. J. Lalor, and S. A. Karout, “A new model for measuring object shape using non-collimated fringe-pattern projections,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S66-S75 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. G. S. Spagnolo, G. Guattari, C. Sapia, D. Ambrosini, D. Paoletti, and G. Accardo, “Three-dimensional optical profilometry for artwork inspection,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 2, 353-361 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Takeda and K. Mutoh, “Fourier transform profilometry for the automatic measurement of 3-D object shapes,” Appl. Opt. 22, 3977-3982 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Lilley, M. J. Lalor, and D. R. Burton, “A robust fringe analysis system for human body shape measurement,” Opt. Eng. 39, 187-195 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. B. A. Al-Rjoub, “Structured light optical non-contact measuring techniques: system analysis and modelling,” Ph.D. dissertation (Liverpool John Moores University, U.K., 2007).
  17. D. R. Burton, A. J. Goodall, J. T. Atkinson, and M. J. Lalor, “The use of carrier frequency shifting for the elimination of phase discontinuities in fourier transform profilometry,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 23, 245-257 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Hovorov, “A new method for the measurement of large objects using a moving sensor,” Ph.D. dissertation (Liverpool John Moores University, U.K., 2008).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited